List of metropolitan areas of Mexico

List of metropolitan areas of Mexico

Metropolitan areas in Mexico have been traditionally defined as the group of municipalities that heavily interact with each other, usually around a core city.[1] In 2004, a joint effort between CONAPO, INEGI and the Ministry of Social Development (SEDESOL) agreed to define metropolitan areas as one of the following:[1]

  • the group of two or more municipalities, in which a city with a population of at least 50,000 is located whose urban area extends over the limit of the municipality that originally contained the core city incorporating either physically or, under its area of direct influence, other adjacent predominantly urban municipalities, all of which either have a high degree of social and economic integration or are relevant for urban politics and administration; or
  • a single municipality, in which a city of a population of at least one million is located and fully contained (that is, it does not transcend the limits of a single municipality); or
  • a city with a population of at least 250,000 that forms a conurbation with other cities in the United States.

However, northwestern and southeastern states are divided into a small number of large municipalities whereas central states are divided into a large number of smaller municipalities. As such, metropolitan areas in the northwest usually do not extend over more than one municipality (and figures usually report population for the entire municipality) whereas metropolitan areas in the center extend over many municipalities.

A few metropolitan areas extend beyond the limits of one state: Greater Mexico City (Federal District, Mexico and Hidalgo), Puebla-Tlaxcala (Puebla and Tlaxcala, but excludes the city of Tlaxcala), Comarca Lagunera (Coahuila and Durango), and Tampico (Tamaulipas and Veracruz).

List of metropolitan areas in Mexico by population





There is a total of fifty-six metropolitan areas of Mexico as defined by the following government bodies:

Rank Metropolitan Area Federative Entity 2010 Pop. 2000 Pop. Change
!000001 Greater Mexico City DF, Mexico, Hidalgo !B639089204 20,137,152 !B1543053371 18,396,677 !D0002105283380 +9.46%
!000002 Greater Guadalajara Jalisco !B-1408704740 4,434,252 !B403891903 3,699,136 !D00-1021606705 +19.87%
!000003 Greater Monterrey Nuevo León !B-639740008 4,106,054 !B1322824961 3,374,361 !D00-1893866935 +21.68%
!000004 Greater Puebla Puebla, Tlaxcala !B-848665479 2,728,790 !B1212444824 2,220,533 !D0001860251221 +22.89%
!000005 Greater Toluca Mexico !B-1711940594 1,936,126 !B1166901553 1,451,801 !D00-1906862242 +33.36%
!000006 Greater Tijuana Baja California !B-708645013 1,751,302 !B1878841451 1,352,035 !D000-687544110 +29.53%
!000007 Greater León Guanajuato !B134366228 1,609,717 !B-1783719543 1,269,179 !D0000271086049 +26.83%
!000008 Greater Juárez Chihuahua !B873059289 1,495,094 !B-1378824358 1,218,817 !D0001957418207 +22.67%
!000009 Greater Torreón Coahuila, Durango !B-1837264186 1,275,993 !B527337312 1,007,291 !D0000329266804 +26.68%
!000010 Greater Querétaro Querétaro !B-326064247 1,097,028 !B-1667468123 816,481 !D0002092689140 +34.36%
!000011 Greater San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí !B199874948 1,040,822 !B-2079531632 850,828 !D0002107273114 +22.33%
!000012 Greater Mérida Yucatán !B873222018 973,046 !B-1512429320 803,920 !D00-1591311560 +21.04%
!000013 Greater Mexicali Baja California !B1259831804 936,145 !B-1010986072 764,602 !D0002060312841 +22.44%
!000014 Greater Aguascalientes Aguascalientes !B1301010533 932,298 !B-235034143 707,516 !D00-1418609884 +31.77%
!000015 Greater Cuernavaca Morelos !B1928464779 875,598 !B-661286317 738,326 !D000-355658160 +18.59%
!000016 Greater Acapulco Guerrero !B2068314652 863,438 !B-1357463255 791,558 !D00-1779752843 +9.08%
!000017 Greater Tampico Tamaulipas, Veracruz !B2124271101 858,620 !B-770275955 746,417 !D0001769877761 +15.03%
!000018 Greater Chihuahua Chihuahua !B-2092956589 851,971 !B-78037847 696,495 !D0002110790467 +22.32%
!000019 Greater Saltillo Coahuila !B-1748184404 823,098 !B810586946 637,273 !D000-560974243 +29.16%
!000020 Greater Morelia Michoacán !B-1548462442 806,822 !B461079080 659,940 !D0002140291896 +22.26%
!000021 Greater Veracruz Veracruz !B-1477564153 801,122 !B726098966 642,680 !D0001117681486 +24.65%
!000022 Greater Villahermosa Tabasco !B-890117611 755,416 !B1403609748 600,580 !D0000670391739 +25.78%
!000023 ReynosaGreater Río Bravo Tamaulipas !B-490080204 725,793 !B-1540513236 524,692 !D0001000106951 +38.33%
!000024 Greater Cancún Quintana Roo !B217117447 676,238 !B423550704 431,128 !D0001352012107 +56.85%
!000025 Greater Xalapa Veracruz !B365648378 666,268 !B-1264542241 510,410 !D00-1022212008 +30.54%
!000026 Greater Tuxtla Chiapas !B754130375 640,881 !B-953187599 494,763 !D000-688258433 +29.53%
!000027 Greater Oaxaca Oaxaca !B1521825482 593,522 !B-232269696 460,350 !D000-481446449 +28.93%
!000028 Greater Poza Rica Veracruz !B-1321159547 513,308 !B142449532 443,419 !D0001296199593 +15.76%
!000029 Greater Pachuca Hidalgo !B-1299160256 512,180 !B1817754093 375,022 !D0001468576857 +36.57%
!000030 TlaxcalaApizaco Tlaxcala !B-1048555059 499,504 !B965105653 408,401 !D0002117686114 +22.31%
!000031 Greater Matamoros Tamaulipas !B-923736253 493,308 !B729414039 418,141 !D0000-18805271 +17.98%
!000032 Greater Cuautla Morelos !B353630936 434,153 !B-2024002613 358,405 !D00-1637353280 +21.13%
!000033 Greater Tepic Nayarit !B469279603 429,161 !B-1580004955 342,840 !D0000907007715 +25.18%
!000034 Greater Orizaba Veracruz !B916960348 410,372 !B2033410330 367,021 !D000-113943519 +11.81%
!000035 Greater Nuevo Laredo Tamaulipas !B1580706737 384,018 !B-602561924 310,915 !D0001591599685 +23.51%
!000036 Greater Puerto Vallarta Jalisco, Nayarit !B1687625467 379,934 !B1799008332 244,536 !D0001616472184 +55.37%
!000037 Greater Minatitlán Veracruz !B-1957235385 356,020 !B-995925624 323,389 !D0001461095281 +10.09%
!000038 Greater Coatzacoalcos Veracruz !B-1707038543 347,223 !B-499399068 307,724 !D000-945557258 +12.84%
!000039 ColimaVilla de Álvarez Colima !B-1318087578 333,977 !B-1009818724 210,766 !D0001073534509 +58.46%
!000040 MonclovaFrontera Coahuila !B-806284493 317,314 !B343360425 282,853 !D000-423845698 +12.18%
!000041 Greater Córdoba Veracruz !B-764661847 315,996 !B568608862 276,553 !D00-1999377555 +14.26%
!000042 ZacatecasGuadalupe Zacatecas !B-183098666 298,143 !B-2011215867 232,965 !D000-147239498 +27.98%
!000043 Greater Tehuacán Puebla !B-141118022 296,894 !B1965141754 240,507 !D0001620203708 +23.45%
!000044 La PiedadPénjamo Michoacán, Guanajuato !B1583866233 249,854 !B-1855784987 229,372 !D00-1611816896 +8.93%
!000045 ZamoraJacona Michoacán !B1585827571 249,805 !B-1257339643 216,048 !D0001383258835 +15.62%
!000046 Greater Tulancingo Hidalgo !B2003968503 239,575 !B-162237956 193,638 !D0001502293552 +23.72%
!000047 Greater Tula Hidalgo !B-773713914 205,848 !B1145507265 169,901 !D00-1648166354 +21.16%
!000048 Greater Guaymas Sonora !B-656143110 203,442 !B550557737 180,316 !D000-937303065 +12.83%
!000049 Greater San Francisco del Rincón Guanajuato !B439484089 182,330 !B-1565810656 145,017 !D0000690189967 +25.73%
!000050 Greater Piedras Negras Coahuila !B529229094 180,701 !B-1979961939 151,149 !D000-858722366 +19.55%
!000051 Greater Tehuantepec Oaxaca !B1662341074 161,343 !B-1603665504 145,567 !D0000746630158 +10.84%
!000052 Greater Tecomán Colima !B-1317824253 141,465 !B-306894669 127,863 !D0000932588894 +10.64%
!000053 Greater Ocotlán Jalisco !B-1310752867 141,365 !B-82598026 125,027 !D00-1124476170 +13.07%
!000054 Greater Rioverde San Luis Potosí !B-881333017 135,423 !B-390384900 128,935 !D000-171230227 +5.03%
!000055 Greater Acayucan Veracruz !B928909423 112,999 !B1856185961 102,992 !D0001838828192 +9.72%
!000056 MoroleónUriangato Guanajuato !B1321566126 108,648 !B2144699237 100,063 !D00-1211968844 +8.58%

Transnational conurbations


The United States shares a 2,000-mile (3,000 km) border with Mexico. The 2,000 miles is the most frequently crossed international border in the world, with about 250 million legal crossing every year.[2] The distribution of population and urban population in Mexico has been changed significantly by the economic interaction between settlements in its north and the United States (U.S.). The increasing population concentration in the north of Mexico is strongly associated with the development of the maquila industries there and the eventual economic effects of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).[4] Metropolitan areas located at the border with the U.S. form transnational conurbations with deep economic and demographic interaction. For example, the San Diego – Tijuana metropolitan area consists of San Diego County in the U.S. and the municipalities of Tijuana, Playas de Rosarito, and Tecate in Mexico. The total population of the region has been estimated to be just over 5 million in 2009, making it by far the largest bi-national metropolitan area shared between the U.S. and Mexico.[5] The National Population Council (CONAPO) recognizes the existence of such metropolitan areas and defines them as the municipalities that contain a city of at least 200,000 inhabitants which share processes of conurbation with cities of the U.S.[1]

Rank Metropolitan Area Mexican State American State Population
1 Tijuana - San Diego Baja California California 5,009,170[5]
2 El Paso - Juarez Chihuahua Texas 3,045,538[5]
3 Reynosa - McAllen Tamaulipas Texas 1,700,000[5]
4 Matamoros - Brownsville Tamaulipas Texas 1,136,995[5]
5 Mexicali - Calexico Baja California California 956,223[5]
6 Nuevo Laredo - Laredo Tamaulipas Texas 747,494[5]
7 Nogales - Nogales Sonora Arizona 234,809[nb 1]
8 Piedras Negras - Eagle Pass Coahuila Texas 230,205[nb 2]
9 San Luis Río Colorado - San Luis Sonora Arizona 188,152[nb 3]
10 Ciudad Acuña - Del Río Coahuila Texas 183,750[nb 4]

Megalopolis of central Mexico

A megalopolis is defined as a long chain of continuous metropolitan areas, or territories that are relatively integrated amongst each other, a clear example of which is the Northeast Megalopolis in the United States. In 1996, the Programa General de Desarollo Urbano del Distrito Federal first proposed this concept to refer to the megalopolis of central Mexico, which was later expanded by PROAIRE, a metropolitan commission on the environment.[6] A megalopolis, is known in Spanish as a corona regional de ciudades ("regional ring of cities"). The Megalopolis of central Mexico was defined to be integrated by the metropolitan areas of Mexico City, Puebla, Cuernavaca, Toluca and Pachuca, which may also conform complex subregional rings themselves (i.e. Greater Puebla conforming a regional ring with Atlixco, San Martín Texmelucan, Tlaxcala and Apizaco). The megalopolis of central Mexico is integrated by 173 municipalities (91 of the state of Mexico, 29 of the state of Puebla, 37 of the state of Tlaxcala, 16 of Morelos and 16 of Hidalgo) and the 16 boroughs of the Federal District,[6] with an approximate total population of almost 25 million people.

See also

Mexico portal

Notes

References

External links

  • National Population Council (CONAPO) — official website. (Spanish)
  • National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) — official website. (Spanish)
ca:Àrees metropolitanes de Mèxic