|Mary Tyler Moore|
Moore at Broadway Barks, 2011
December 29, 1936 |
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Education||Immaculate Heart High School|
|Home town||Brooklyn, New York|
Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series
The Dick Van Dyke Show (1964, 1966)
The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1973, 1974, 1976)
Outstanding Supporting Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
Stolen Babies (1993)
|Golden Globe Awards|
Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy
The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970)
Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Ordinary People (1980)
|Screen Actors Guild Awards|
|Life Achievement Award (2012)|
|American Comedy Awards|
|Lifetime Achievement Award in Comedy (1987)|
Mary Tyler Moore (born December 29, 1936) is an American actress, primarily known for her roles in television sitcoms. Moore is best known for The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970–77), in which she starred as Mary Richards, a 30-something single woman who worked as a local news producer in Minneapolis, and for her earlier role as Laura Petrie on The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–66). She also appeared in a number of films, most notably 1967's Thoroughly Modern Millie and 1980's Ordinary People, in which she played a role that was very different from the television characters she had portrayed, and for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress.
Moore has been active in charity work and various political causes, particularly the issues of animal rights and diabetes mellitus type 1. She was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes early in the run of The Mary Tyler Moore Show. She also dealt with alcoholism, which she wrote about in her first of two memoirs. In May 2011, she underwent elective brain surgery to remove a benign meningioma.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Awards and honors
- 5 Filmography
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 External links
Mary Tyler Moore was born in the  Mary was the eldest of three siblings, and their home was in Flushing, Queens. Her maternal grandparents were immigrants from England. Her paternal great-grandfather, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, owned the house which is now Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum. Moore's family moved to Los Angeles when she was eight years old. She was raised Catholic, and attended Saint Rose of Lima, a Catholic school in Brooklyn, followed by St. Ambrose School (Los Angeles) and the Immaculate Heart High School (Los Feliz).
At the age of 17, Moore aspired to be a dancer. She started her career as "Happy Hotpoint", a tiny elf dancing on Hotpoint appliances in TV commercials during the 1950s series Ozzie and Harriet. She appeared in 39 TV commercials in five days, ultimately earning about $6,000 from her first job. Her time as "Happy Hotpoint" ended when it became difficult to conceal her pregnancy in the dancing elf costume. Moore modeled anonymously on the covers of a number of record albums and auditioned for the role of the older daughter of Danny Thomas for his long-running TV show, but was turned down. Much later, Thomas explained that "no daughter of mine could have that [little] nose."
Moore's first regular television role was as a mysterious and glamorous telephone receptionist on Richard Diamond, Private Detective. To add to the mystique, her voice is heard, but only her shapely legs appear on camera. About this time, she guest-starred on John Cassavetes's NBC detective series Johnny Staccato. She also guest-starred in Bachelor Father in the episode titled "Bentley and the Big Board". In 1960, she guest-starred in two episodes, "The O'Mara Ladies" and "All The O'Mara Horses", of the William Bendix-Doug McClure NBC western series, Overland Trail. Several months later, she appeared in the first episode, entitled "One Blonde Too Many", of NBC's one-season The Tab Hunter Show, a sitcom starring the former teen idol as a bachelor cartoonist. In 1961, Moore appeared in several big parts in movies and on television, including Bourbon Street Beat, 77 Sunset Strip, Surfside Six, Wanted: Dead or Alive, Steve Canyon, Hawaiian Eye, Thriller and Lock-Up.
The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–1966)
In 1961, Carl Reiner cast Moore in The Dick Van Dyke Show, an acclaimed weekly series based on Reiner's own life and career as a writer for Sid Caesar's television variety show, telling the cast from the outset that it would run no more than five years. The show was produced by Danny Thomas's company, and Thomas himself recommended her. He remembered Mary as "the girl with three names" whom he had turned down earlier. Moore's energetic comic performances as Van Dyke's character's wife, begun at age 24 (11 years Van Dyke's junior), made both the actress and her signature tight capri pants extremely popular, and she became internationally famous. When she won an Emmy award for her portrayal of Laura Petrie, she said, "I know this will never happen again." Mary Tyler Moore later stated that she was actually 23 years old when she first starred on the Dick Van Dyke Show, but had told producers that she was 25 because she heard that Dick Van Dyke had said she might be too young for the part.
The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970–1977)
In 1970, after having appeared earlier in a pivotal one-hour musical special called "Dick Van Dyke and the Other Woman", Moore and husband Cloris Leachman as Phyllis Lindstrom, were also spun off into their own successful series. The premise of the single working woman's life, alternating during the program between work and home, became a television staple. After six years of ratings in the top 20, the show slipped to number 39 during season seven. Producers argued for its cancellation because of its falling ratings, afraid that the show's legacy might be damaged if it were renewed for another season. To the surprise of the entire cast including Mary Tyler Moore herself, it was announced that they would soon be filming their final episode. After the announcement, the series finished strongly and the final show was the seventh most watched show during the week it aired. The 1977 season would go on to win an Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series, to add to the awards it had won in 1975 and 1976. All in all, during its seven seasons, the program held the record for winning the most Emmys – 29. That record remained unbroken until 2002 when the NBC sitcom Frasier won its 30th Emmy. The Mary Tyler Moore Show had become a touchpoint of the Women's Movement because it was one of the first to show, in a serious way, an independent working woman.
During season six of The Mary Tyler Moore Show, she made a musical/variety special for CBS, titled Mary's Incredible Dream, which featured Ben Vereen. In 1978, Moore made a second CBS special, How to Survive the 70's and Maybe Even Bump Into Happiness. This time, she received significant support from a strong lineup of guest stars: Bill Bixby, John Ritter, Harvey Korman and Dick Van Dyke. In the 1978–79 season, Moore attempted to try the musical-variety genre by starring in two unsuccessful CBS variety series in a row: Mary, which featured David Letterman, Michael Keaton, Swoosie Kurtz and Dick Shawn in the supporting cast. CBS canceled the series. In March, 1979, the network brought Moore back in a new, retooled show, The Mary Tyler Moore Hour which was described as a "sitvar" (part situation comedy/part variety series) with Moore portraying a TV star putting on a variety show. Michael Keaton was the only cast member of Mary who remained with Moore as a supporting regular in this revised format. Dick Van Dyke appeared as her guest for one episode. The program was canceled within three months.
In the 1985–86 season, she returned to CBS in a series titled Mary, which suffered from poor reviews, sagging ratings, and internal strife within the production crew. According to Moore, she asked CBS to pull the show, as she was unhappy with the direction of the program and the producers. She also starred in the short-lived Annie McGuire in 1988. In the mid-1990s, she had a cameo and a guest-starring role as herself on two episodes of Ellen. She subsequently also guest-starred on Ellen DeGeneres's next TV show, The Ellen Show, in 2001. In 2004, Moore reunited with her Dick Van Dyke Show castmates for a reunion "episode" called The Dick Van Dyke Show Revisited.
In August 2005, Moore guest-starred as Christine St. George, a high-strung host of a fictional TV show on three episodes of Broadway plays. She starred in Whose Life Is It Anyway with James Naughton, which opened on Broadway at the Royale Theatre on February 24, 1980, and ran for 96 performances, and in Sweet Sue, which opened at the Music Box Theatre on January 8, 1987, later transferred to the Royale Theatre, and ran for 164 performances. She was the star of a new musical version of Breakfast at Tiffany's in December 1966, but the show, titled Holly Golightly, was a notorious flop that closed in previews before opening on Broadway. In reviews of performances in Philadelphia and Boston, critics "murdered" the play in which Moore claimed to be singing with bronchial pneumonia.
Moore appeared in previews of the Neil Simon play Rose's Dilemma at the off-Broadway Manhattan Theatre Club in December 2003, but quit the production after receiving a critical letter from Simon instructing her to "learn your lines or get out of my play". Moore had been using an earpiece on stage to feed her lines to the repeatedly rewritten play.
Moore made her film debut in 1961's Elvis Presley as a nun in Change of Habit. Moore's future television castmate Ed Asner also appeared in that film (as a cop). After that film's disappointing reviews and reception at the box office, Moore returned to television, and did not appear in another feature film for eleven years. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for 1980's Ordinary People. Other feature film credits include Just Between Friends and Flirting with Disaster.
She has appeared in a number of television movies, including Like Mother, Like Son, Run a Crooked Mile, Heartsounds, The Gin Game (based on the Broadway play; reuniting her with Dick Van Dyke), Mary and Rhoda, Finnegan Begin Again, and Stolen Babies for which she won an Emmy Award in 1993.
AuthorMoore has written two memoirs. The first, After All, released in 1995, in which she acknowledged that she is a recovering alcoholic. The next, Growing Up Again: Life, Loves, and Oh Yeah, Diabetes, was released on April 1, 2009, and focuses on living with type 1 diabetes (St. Martin's Press; ISBN 0-312-37631-6).
Moore and her husband Grant Tinker founded MTM Enterprises, Inc. in 1969; Moore later commented that he had named the entity after her in much the same fashion that someone might name a boat after a spouse. This company produced The Mary Tyler Moore Show and several other television shows and films. It also included a record label, MTM Records. MTM Enterprises produced a variety of American sitcoms and drama television series such as Rhoda, Lou Grant and Phyllis – all spin-offs from The Mary Tyler Moore Show – The Bob Newhart Show, The Texas Wheelers, WKRP in Cincinnati, The White Shadow, Friends and Lovers, St Elsewhere and Hill Street Blues, and was later sold to Television South, an ITV Franchise holder during the 1980s. The MTM logo was a short video sequence parodying the MGM logo, but with a kitten mewing instead of a lion roaring.
In 1955, at age 18, she married Richard Carleton Meeker whom Mary described as "the boy next door," and within six weeks she was pregnant with her only child, Richard, Jr. (born July 3, 1956). Coincidentally, he was known as "Richie," which was also the name of her television son on The Dick Van Dyke Show. Meeker and Moore divorced in 1961. Moore married Grant Tinker, a CBS executive (later chairman of NBC), in 1962, and in 1970 they formed the television production company MTM Enterprises, which created and produced the company's first television series, The Mary Tyler Moore Show. Moore and Tinker divorced in 1981. She married Dr. Robert Levine on November 23, 1983, at the Pierre Hotel in New York City. They met when her mother was treated by him in New York City on a weekend housecall, after Moore and her mother returned from a visit to the Vatican where they had personal audience with Pope John Paul II. On October 14, 1980, at the age of 24, Mary's son Richie died of a gunshot wound, accidentally shooting himself in the head while handling a sawed-off shotgun. That model of gun was later taken off the market because of its "hair trigger". Just before his death, Moore had secured a job for him in the CBS mailroom.
Moore was diagnosed with Type I diabetes when she was 33. In 2011, she had surgery to remove a meningioma, a benign brain tumor. Since 2012, friends have reported that she’s suffered heart and kidney problems and has become nearly blind.
In addition to her acting work, Moore is the International Chairman of JDRF (formerly the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation). In this role, she has used her profile to help raise funds and raise awareness of diabetes mellitus type 1, which she has.
In 2007, in honor of Moore's dedication to the Foundation, JDRF created the "Forever Moore" research initiative which will support JDRF's Academic Research and Development and JDRF's Clinical Development Program. The program works on translating basic research advances into new treatments and technologies for those living with type 1 diabetes.
She also adopted a Golden Retriever puppy from Yankee Golden Retriever Rescue in Hudson, Massachusetts. She is an animal rights activist and promoted her cause on the Ellen DeGeneres sitcom Ellen. She has worked for animal rights for many years. She has worked with Farm Sanctuary to raise awareness about the cruelty of factory farming and to promote the compassionate treatment of farm animals.
She is also a co-founder of Broadway Barks, an annual animal adopt-a-thon held in New York City. Moore and friend Bernadette Peters work to make New York City a no-kill city and to promote adopting animals from shelters.
After her work with multiple cat adoption organizations, she herself has adopted over 132 cats that live with her at her ranch.
In honor of her father, George Tyler Moore, a lifelong Conrad Shindler House (c. 1795), which is named in honor of her great-great-great-grandfather, who owned the structure from 1815–52. Moore also contributed to the renovation of the house used as headquarters during 1861–62 by Confederate Major General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. Use of the house had been offered to Jackson by its owner, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, commander of the 4th Virginia Infantry and a great-grandfather of Mary Tyler Moore.
During the 1960s and 1970s, Moore had a reputation as a liberal or moderate liberal; for example she endorsed President Jimmy Carter for re-election in a 1980 campaign television ad. However, during a 2011 interview with former castmate Ed Asner on the O'Reilly Factor, Asner stated that Moore "has become much more conservative of late." Bill O'Reilly stated that Moore had been a major viewer of his show and described how her political views had leaned towards the right in recent years. In a Parade article dated March 22, 2009, Moore identified herself as a "libertarian centrist", but does admit to frequently watching Fox News. "...when one looks at what's happened to television, there are so few shows that interest me. I do watch a lot of Fox News. I like Charles Krauthammer and Bill O'Reilly...If McCain had asked me to campaign for him, I would have." In an interview for the 2013 PBS series Pioneers of Television, Moore states that she was "recruited" to join the feminist movement of the 1970s by Gloria Steinem but did not agree with Steinem's views. Moore said she believed that women have an important role in raising children and that she did not believe in Steinem's view that "women owe it [to themselves] to have a career."
Awards and honors
Moore has received seven Emmy Awards:
- Outstanding Supporting Actress In A Miniseries Or Special – 1993
- Outstanding Lead Actress In A Comedy Series – 1976
- Actress Of The Year – series – 1974
- Best Lead Actress In A Comedy Series – 1974
- Outstanding Continued Performance By An Actress – 1973
- Outstanding Continued Performance By An Actress – 1966
- Outstanding Continued Performance By An Actress – 1964
She was also awarded three Golden Globe Awards:
- Best Performance by an Actress In A Motion Picture – 1981
- Best Performance by an Actress In A Television Series – 1971
- Actress In A Television Series – 1965
On Broadway, Moore received a special Tony Award for her performance in Whose Life Is It Anyway? in 1980, and was nominated for a Drama Desk Award as well. In addition, as a producer she received nominations for Tony Awards and Drama Desk Awards for MTM's productions of Noises Off in 1984 and Benefactors in 1986, and won a Tony Award for Best Reproduction of a Play or Musical in 1985 for Joe Egg.
On May 8, 2002, Moore was present as the cable TV network TV Land and the City of Minneapolis dedicated a statue in downtown Minneapolis to the television character she made famous on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. The statue, by sculptor Gwendolyn Gillen, is located in front of the Dayton's (now Macy's) department store, near the corner of 7th Street South and Nicollet Mall. It depicts the iconic moment in the show's opening credits where Moore tosses her Tam o' Shanter in the air, in a freeze-frame at the end of the montage.
|1957||Operation Mad Ball||Army nurse||uncredited|
|1958||Once Upon a Horse...||Dance hall girl||uncredited|
|1967||Thoroughly Modern Millie||Miss Dorothy Brown|
|1968||What's So Bad About Feeling Good?||Liz|
|1968||Don't Just Stand There!||Martine Randall|
|1969||Change of Habit||Sister Michelle Gallagher||Elvis Presley's last scripted movie|
|1980||Ordinary People||Beth Jarrett|
|1982||Six Weeks||Charlotte Dreyfus|
|1986||Just Between Friends||Holly Davis|
|1996||Flirting with Disaster||Pearl Coplin|
|1996||Blue Arrow, TheThe Blue Arrow||Granny Rose||voice|
|1997||Keys to Tulsa||Cynthia Boudreau|
|1998||Reno Finds Her Mom||Herself|
|2000||Labor Pains||Esther Raymond|
|2009||Against the Current||Mom|
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- "Mary Tyler Moore 'recovering nicely' from surgery". Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Somini Sengupta (April 14, 1996). "Brooklyn's Girl Next Door?".
- 1940 Census
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- Weiner, Ed; Editors of TV Guide (1992). The TV Guide TV Book: 40 Years of the All-Time Greatest Television Facts, Fads, Hits, and History. New York: Harper Collins. p. 100.
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- Profile the Paley Center for Media. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
- Moore 1995, p. 114
- During an appearance on the on The Rachael Ray Show.
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- "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" museum.tv. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
- Mary Tyler Moore Emmy Winner
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- Moore 1995, pp. 266–267
- Moore 1995, pp. 271–272
- Reviewed by Ken Tucker (2004-05-14). "Review:The Dick Van Dyke Show Revisited". Ew.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
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- "Mary Tyler Moore to guest star on 'Hot in Cleveland'", November 1, 2010
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- Kingsbury, Paul (2004). The Encyclopedia of Country Music. Sourcebooks, Inc. p. 359.
- Moore 1995, pp. 55–65
- Moore 1995, p. 65
- Moore 1995, pp. 59–95
- Moore 1995, pp. 141–144
- "TINKER, GRANT – The Museum of Broadcast Communications". Museum.tv. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- Beck, Marilyn; Jenel, Stacy (2008-09-08). "Mary Tyler Moore Opens Up on Grief, Alcohol". The National Ledger. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
- The New York Times, "Mary Tyler Moore Is Wed", November 24, 1983, p. C12
- Moore 2009, pp. 47–49
- Moore 1995, pp. 237–240
- Soraya Nadia McDonald. "Mary Tyler Moore's friends say diabetes has rendered her nearly blind", The Washington Post, May 22, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "Board of Directors, JDRF". Jdrf.org. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "Forevermoore". Jdrf.org. 2003-10-28. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- Rochelle Lesser, School Psychologist. "News item". Landofpuregold.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- www.peta.org (2003-06-20). "Return to Deep Blue Sea Will Be Heaven for Lolly". Peta.org. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- Mary Tyler Moore (2001-05-07). Interview With Mary Tyler Moore (Transcript). Interview with Larry King. Larry King Live. CNN. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- "Mary Tyler Moore Using Her Voice and Her Smile to "Turn The World On" to All Animals". The Pet Press. 2002-9. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
- "Bernadette Peters and Mary Tyler Moore's Broadway Barks 10 Sets Summer Date". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "The George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War". Shepherd.edu. 1993-11-16. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- [photographs posted at Stonewall_Jackson's_Headquarters_Museum, Winchester, VA; statements of museum tour guide|visit date=2009-06-19]
- "Senate Passes Embryonic Stem Cell Bill". NewsMax.com. Associated Press. July 19, 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- "Historic Campaign Ads 'Mary Tyler Moore' Carter, 1980" Popscreen
- "Actor Ed Asner Talks About New Movie, President Obama, and Socialism". YouTube. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- PBS, Television Series: Pioneers of Comedy, episode "Funny Ladies." Broadcast January 15, 2013.
- "Mary Tyler Moore: Awards" on IBDB.com
- Past recipients Crystal Award WIF web site
- TV Land Honors Mary Tyler Moore", prnewswire.com""". Prnewswire.com. 2002-03-19. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "Mary Tyler Moore to Unveil Tam Toss Statue May 8" City of Minneapolis website
- Neil Genzlinger (January 26, 2012). "Boy, Did She Make It".
- "Mary Tyler Moore Honored With 2011 Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award"
- Moore, Mary Tyler (1995). After All.
- Moore, Mary Tyler (2009). Growing Up Again: Life, Loves, and Oh Yeah, Diabetes.
- Mary Tyler Moore at the Internet Broadway Database
- Mary Tyler Moore at the Internet Movie Database
- Mary Tyler Moore at TVGuide.com
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Works by or about Mary Tyler Moore in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Mary Tyler Moore collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- The Museum of Broadcast Communications biography of Moore
- OnlineThe Mary Tyler Moore Show
- "Remembering the Dick Van Dyke Show" (Mary Tyler Moore)
- Mary Tyler Moore Archive of American Television Interview
- Mary Tyler Moore at Emmys.com