The megadiverse countries are a group of countries that harbor the majority of the Earth's species and are therefore considered extremely biodiverse. Conservation International identified 17 megadiverse countries in 1998. All are located in, or partially in, tropical or subtropical regions.
- [http://www.conservation.org/documentaries/Pages/megadiversity.aspx Megadiversity: The 17 Biodiversity Superstars
- Megadiversity Countries
- "Biodiversity Theme Report". Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- Cancun Declaration of Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries
- "LIKE MINDED MEGADIVERSE COUNTRIES" (PDF). Retrieved Jan 6, 2014.
The current member countries of the Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries organization are as follows, in alphabetical order:
At the same time, they agreed to meet periodically, at the ministerial and expert levels, and decided that upon the conclusion of each annual Ministerial Meeting, the next rotating host country would take on the role of Secretary of the group, to ensure its continuity, the further development of cooperation among these countries, and to reach the agreements and objectives set forth herein.
On 18 February 2002, the Ministers in charge of the Environment and the Delegates of Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, the Philippines, South Africa and Venezuela assembled in the Mexican city of Cancún. These countries declared to set up a Group of Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries as a mechanism for consultation and cooperation so that their interests and priorities, related to the preservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, could be promoted. They also declared that they would call on those countries that had not become Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, and the Kyoto Protocol on climate change to become parties to these agreements.
Cancún initiative and declaration of like-minded megadiverse countries
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Papua New Guinea
- South Africa
- United States
In alphabetical order, the 17 megadiverse countries are: