Messier 110

Messier 110

Messier 110[1]
M 110
credit: Atlas Image 2MASS/UMass/IPAC-Caltech/NASA/NSF.
Observation data
Epoch J2000
Constellation Andromeda[2]
Right ascension 00h 40m 22.1s[3]
Declination +41° 41′ 07″[3]
Apparent dimension (V) 21.9 × 11.0 moa[3]
Apparent magnitude (V) 8.92[3]
Type E5 pec[3]
Heliocentric radial velocity -241 ± 3[3]km/s
Redshift -0.000804 ± 0.000010[3]
Galactocentric velocity -62 ± 8[3] km/s
Distance 2,690 ± 90 kly (824.76 ± 27.59 kpc)
Other designations
NGC 0205,[3] PGC 002429,[3] MCG +07-02-014,[3] IRAS 00376+4124,[3] LEDA 2429
Database references
SIMBAD Search M110 data
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

Messier 110 (also known as 'The Edward Young Star' and NGC 205) is a dwarf elliptical galaxy that is a satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy.[4] M110 contains some dust and hints of recent star formation, which is unusual for dwarf elliptical galaxies in general.[4]


  • History 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Although Charles Messier never included the galaxy in his famous list, it was depicted by him, together with M32, on a drawing of the Andromeda galaxy; a label on the drawing indicates that Messier first observed NGC 205 on August 10, 1773.[5] The galaxy was independently discovered by Caroline Herschel on August 27, 1783; her brother William Herschel described her discovery in 1785.[5] The suggestion to assign the galaxy a Messier number was made by Kenneth Glyn Jones in 1967.[6]

A few novae have been detected in this galaxy. Notably one discovered in 1999 by Johnson and Modjaz,[7] and another detected in 2002, by Nakano and Sumoto. The latter one, designated EQ J004015.8+414420, had also been captured in images taken by the SDSS (Sloan Digital Sky Survey) in October, 2002. [8]

Unlike M32, NGC205 does not show evidence for a supermassive black hole at its center.[9]

See also


  1. ^ A.W. McConnachie; M.J. Irwin; A.M.N. Ferguson; R.A. Ibata; G.F. Lewis; N. Tanvir (2005). "Distances and metallicities for 17 Local Group galaxies".  
  2. ^ J.L.E. Dreyer; R.W. Sinnott (1988). R.W. Sinnott, ed. NGC 2000.0: The Complete New General Catalogue and Index Catalogues of Nebulae and Star Clusters by J. L. E. Dreyer.  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 205. Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  4. ^ a b A. Sandage; J. Bedke (1994). Carnegie Atlas of Galaxies.  
  5. ^ a b K.G. Jones (1991). Messier's Nebulae and Star Clusters (2nd ed.).  
  6. ^ K.G. Jones (1967). "Some New Notes on Messier's Catalogue".  
  7. ^ van den Bergh, S. (2000). "Updated Information on the Local Group".  
  8. ^ ""Forum di Astronomia Amatoriale Italiano"". 
  9. ^ Valluri, M.; Ferrarese, L.; Merritt, D.; Joseph, C.J. (2005). "The Low End of the Supermassive Black Hole Mass Function: Constraining the Mass of a Nuclear Black Hole in NGC 205 via Stellar Kinematics".  

External links

  • Messier 110 on WikiSky: DSS2, SDSS, GALEX, IRAS, Hydrogen α, X-Ray, Astrophoto, Sky Map, Articles and images
  • SEDS: Elliptical Galaxy M110
  • Fohring, Dora; Merrifield, Michael. "M110 – Dwarf Galaxy". Deep Space Videos.