Mustafa Raza Khan
Ameen Mian Qaudri, India
Kanzul Iman, translation of the Qur'an
Mustafa Raza Khan, commonly known among the Muslims of South Asia as Mufti e Azam e Hind, was born in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India in 1892. His father, Ahmed Raza Khan (1856–1921) was the founder of the Barelvi school of Sunni Islam in South Asia. His grandfather, Moulana Naqi Ali Khan (d. 1880) was also a recognised scholar.
Mustafa Raza Khan was born into a scholarly atmosphere. His family was reputed for its services in Islamic traditional sciences. His father especially was respected in social, political, and educational fields. Mustafa Raza Khan completed his religious education under the guidance of his father as well as other ulema.
Khan was well-versed in more than twenty branches of Islamic learning, including tafseer, hadith, fiqh, sarf, nahv, tajweed, balghat, tassawuf, mantiq, seerah, tareekh, kalam, aqa'id, reyazvi, touqeet, jafar and hayat. Khan was also a shaikh of the Qadriya order. His spiritual guide was the Sufi Abul Hussain Ahmed Noori Qadri Barkati (1839–1906), of Mahrehra Shareef.
In spite of his year-round journeys all over India, and his deep commitment to his Central Darul Ifta, he wrote many books and commentaries on some of the books of fatawa and fiqh. It is estimated that he has left about 40 books on a variety of subjects and issues. He followed the methodology of his father in his writings. His books mainly consists of refutations of the beliefs of other Islamic sects and matters of Islamic Jurisprudence.
Mustafa Raza Khan was at the forefront during the movement to restore the Shaheed Ganj Mosque at Lahore in 1935 and declared that participation in this movement was obligatory for Muslims.
Khan died on the eve of the 14th of Muharram 1402 A.H. (1981 A.D.) in Bareilly . He is buried in Bareilly Shareef beside his father, Ahmed Raza Khan. His urs is held every year in Bareilly and in various other countries around the globe.
- . Department of Political Science, Aligarh. 1967