National Olympic Committee

National Olympic Committee

A national olympic committee (NOC) is a national constituent of the worldwide Olympic movement. Subject to the controls of the Olympic Games. They may nominate cities within their respective areas as candidates for future Olympic Games. NOCs also promote the development of athletes and training of coaches and officials at a national level within their geographies.

Contents

  • National Olympic Committees 1
  • Divisions 2
  • List of NOCs by recognition date 3
    • Notes 3.1
  • Unrecognized National Olympic Committees 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

National Olympic Committees

As of 2015 there are 206 NOCs, representing both United Nations Secretariat,[1][2] has also been recognized. Two states with limited recognition, Kosovo and Taiwan designated as Chinese Taipei by the IOC, have IOC recognized NOCs.

In addition to these 197 NOCs, there are 9 dependent territories with their own NOC:

Prior to 1996, rules for recognising separate countries within the IOC were not as strict as those within the United Nations, which allowed these territories to field teams separately from their sovereign state. Following an amendment to the Olympic Charter in 1996, NOC recognition can only be granted after recognition as an independent state by the international community.[5] The states which thus qualify to participate in the future are the Vatican City, a UN observer, and Niue, a state in free association with New Zealand like the Cook Islands. Other disputed states face obstacles to being recognized by the IOC. Dependent territories such as Curaçao, the Faroe Islands, Gibraltar, Macau and New Caledonia can no longer be recognised by the IOC, and athletes from those territories can only participate in the Olympics as part of their parent nation's national team. However, the rule does not apply retroactively, so dependent territories which were recognised before the rule change are allowed to continue sending separate teams to the Olympics. Also, the Faroe Islands and Macau have their own Paralympic teams.

Divisions

The NOCs are all members of the Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC), which is also split among five continental associations:
Continent Association NOCs Oldest NOC Newest NOC
  Africa
Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa 54 Egypt (1910) South Sudan (2015)
  America
Pan American Sports Organization 41 United States (1894) Dominica (1993)
Saint Kitts and Nevis (1993)
Saint Lucia (1993)
  Asia
Olympic Council of Asia 44[6] Japan (1912) Timor-Leste (2003)
  Europe
European Olympic Committees 50 France (1894) Kosovo (2014)
  Oceania
Oceania National Olympic Committees 17 Australia (1895) Tuvalu (2007)

See the article for each continental association for the complete lists of all NOCs.

List of NOCs by recognition date

Below is a chronological list of the 206 NOCs recognized by the International Olympic Committee, since its foundation in 1894. Many of these committees were founded many years before their official recognition, while others were immediately accepted after being founded.

Only extant states are listed. Former states (e.g. The Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands Antilles, etc.), are not listed, only the current states derived from them (for example the Czech Olympic Committee representing Bohemia was created and recognized in 1899. It was later transformed into the Czechoslovak Olympic Committee, and, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, was re-recognized in 1993).

Date of recognition NOCs
1894 France United States
1895 Australia Germany Greece Hungary
1900 Norway
1905 Denmark Great Britain
1906 Belgium
1907 Canada Finland
1909 Portugal
1910 Egypt
1911 Turkey
1912 Austria Japan Luxembourg Netherlands Serbia Spain Switzerland
1913 Sweden
1914 Romania
1915 Italy
1919 New Zealand Poland
1922 Ireland
1923 Argentina Mexico Uruguay
1924 Bulgaria Haiti
1927 India
1929 Philippines
1934 Chile
1935 Brazil Iceland Liechtenstein Venezuela
1936 Afghanistan Bermuda Bolivia Costa Rica Jamaica Malta Peru
1937 Sri Lanka
1947 Guatemala Iran Myanmar Panama South Korea
1948 Colombia Guyana Iraq Lebanon Pakistan Puerto Rico Singapore Syria Trinidad and Tobago
1950 Thailand
1951 Hong Kong Nigeria
1952 Bahamas Ghana Indonesia Israel
1953 Monaco
1954 Cuba Dominican Republic Ethiopia Malaysia
1955 Barbados Fiji Kenya Liberia
1956 Honduras Uganda
1957 North Korea Tunisia
1959 Albania Ecuador Morocco Nicaragua San Marino Sudan Suriname
1960 Chinese Taipei
1962 Benin El Salvador Mongolia
1963 Cameroon Côte d'Ivoire Jordan Libya Mali Nepal Senegal
1964 Algeria Chad Madagascar Niger Congo Sierra Leone Zambia
1965 Central African Republic Guinea Saudi Arabia Togo
1966 Kuwait
1967 Belize Virgin Islands
1968 Democratic Republic of the Congo Gabon Malawi Tanzania
1970 Paraguay
1972 Burkina Faso Lesotho Mauritius Somalia Swaziland
1974 Papua New Guinea
1975 Andorra
1976 Antigua and Barbuda Cayman Islands Gambia
1978 Cyprus
1979 Bahrain Laos Mauritania Mozambique People's Republic of China Seychelles Vietnam
1980 Angola Bangladesh Botswana Qatar United Arab Emirates Zimbabwe
1981 Yemen
1982 British Virgin Islands Oman
1983 Bhutan Samoa Solomon Islands
1984 Brunei Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Grenada Rwanda Tonga
1985 Maldives
1986 Aruba Cook Islands Guam
1987 American Samoa Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Vanuatu
1991 Estonia [1] Latvia [1] Lithuania [1] Namibia South Africa
1993 Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Moldova Macedonia Russia Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia São Tomé and Príncipe Slovakia Slovenia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
1994 Nauru
1995 Cambodia Guinea-Bissau Palestine
1997 Federated States of Micronesia
1999 Eritrea Palau
2003 Kiribati Timor-Leste
2006 Marshall Islands
2007 Montenegro Tuvalu
2014 Kosovo
2015 South Sudan

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Latvia's NOC was recognized by the IOC in 1923, while Estonia's and Lithuania's NOCs were recognized in 1924. However, following the Soviet occupation of the Baltic states their NOCs were disbanded. When they regained their independence their NOCs were re-recognized in 1991.

Unrecognized National Olympic Committees

The Macau Sports and Olympic Committee was founded in 1987 and has attempted to enroll to the IOC since its foundation, but is still not officially recognized and thus no athlete has participated in the Olympic Games under the name "Macau, China". It has, however, participated in the Paralympic Games. The Faroe Islands have a recognised National Paralympic Committee.[7]

Other existing countries/regions with unrecognized Olympic committees: Catalonia,[8] Gibraltar,[9] French Polynesia,[10]Niue,[11] Somaliland,[12] New Caledonia,[13] Kurdistan,[14][15] Northern Cyprus,[16] Abkhazia,[17] Native Americans,[18][19] the Northern Mariana Islands, Anguilla, Montserrat, and Turks & Caicos Islands.[20]South Ossetia intends to establish a National Olympic Committee too.[21] Representatives from the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic would take part in Armenia’s National Olympic Committee.[22]

See also

References

  • Association of National Olympic Committees website
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ The OCA includes 45 NOCs; the Macau Sports and Olympic Committee is not recognized by the IOC and Macau does not compete at the Olympic Games.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ http://www.sportcountries.org/fileadmin/user_upload/documents/conference_2008/INSCRITS_DEFINITIU.pdf
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^