|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|CAS Registry Number||
|Molecular mass||283.36 g/mol|
PRL-8-53 is a nootropic research chemical derived from benzoic acid and phenylmethylamine (Benzylamine) that has been shown to act as a hypermnesic drug in humans; it was first synthesized by medical chemistry professor Nikolaus Hansl at Creighton University in the 1970s as part of his work on amino ethyl meta benzoic acid esters.
A single study in humans was reported in 1978. The double-blind trial of PRL-8-53 in 47 healthy volunteers measured its effects on a variety of cognitive measures. 5 mg of the drug was administered orally 2–2.5 hours before the study tasks. Overall improvements in recollection differed based on how many words were recalled under placebo, with the poor performers (six or less words) experiencing a 87.5-105% increase in recollection and the high performers (eight or more words) a 7.9-14% increase which failed to reach statistical significance; when controlling for subjects over the age of 30 only, a 108-152% increase was noted.. No side effects were reported during the trial.
Mechanism of action
The exact mechanism of action of PRL-8-53 remains unknown. It does not display stimulant properties, and does not potentiate dextroamphetamine. It displays cholinergic properties, and potentiates dopamine while partially inhibiting serotonin. PRL-8-53 reverses the catatonic and ptotic effects of reserpine.
PRL-8-53 is relatively non-toxic, with an oral in mice of 860 mg/kg, giving the drug a high therapeutic index. Doses above 8 mg/kg have brief hypotensive effects in the canine. High doses depress motor activity in the rat and mouse, with the ED50 for a 50% reduction in motor activity of mice at 160 mg/kg. PRL-8-53 displays spasmolytic effects.
Methyl 3-(2-(benzylmethylamino)ethyl)benzoate hydrochloride
3-(2-benzylmethylaminoethyl) benzoic acid methyl ester hydrochloride
3-(2-(Methyl(phenylmethyl)amino)ethyl)benzoic acid methyl ester hydrochloride
- US Patent 3870715 A: Substituted amino ethyl meta benzoic acid esters