Peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase

Peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase

peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase
Identifiers
EC number 2.4.1.129
CAS number 79079-04-2
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.129) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

[GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n- diphosphoundecaprenol + GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)- diphosphoundecaprenol
[GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n+1- diphosphoundecaprenol + undecaprenyl diphosphate

The 4 substrates of this enzyme are

  • [GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n-,
  • diphosphoundecaprenol,
  • GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)-, and
  • diphosphoundecaprenol,

whereas its 3 products are

  • [GlcNAc-(1->4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n+1-,
  • diphosphoundecaprenol, and
  • undecaprenyl diphosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of glycosyltransferases, specifically the hexosyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is undecaprenyldiphospho-(N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-(1->4)-(N-acetyl-D-mu ramoylpentapeptide):undecaprenyldiphospho-(N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-( 1->4)-N-acetyl-D-muramoylpentapeptide) disaccharidetransferase. Other names in common use include PG-II, bactoprenyldiphospho-N-acetylmuramoyl-(N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl)-, pentapeptide:peptidoglycan, N-acetylmuramoyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase, penicillin binding protein (3 or 1B), and peptidoglycan transglycosylase. This enzyme participates in peptidoglycan biosynthesis.

Structural studies

As of late 2007, 3 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2BG1, 2UWX, and 2UWY.

References

  • Taku A, Stuckey M, Fan DP (1982). "Purification of the peptidoglycan transglycosylase of Bacillus megaterium". J. Biol. Chem. 257 (9): 5018–22.  
  • Goffin C, Ghuysen JM (1998). "Multimodular penicillin-binding proteins: an enigmatic family of orthologs and paralogs". Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 62 (4): 1079–93.  
  • van Heijenoort J (2001). "Formation of the glycan chains in the synthesis of bacterial peptidoglycan". Glycobiology. 11 (3): 25R–36R.