Philip Hampson Knight
February 24, 1938
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
University of Oregon
|Occupation||Chairman, Nike, Inc.|
|Net worth||US$23.8 Billion (June 2015)|
|Spouse(s)||Penelope "Penny" Knight|
Matthew Knight (d. 2004)
William W. Knight
Lota Hatfield Knight
Philip Hampson "Phil" Knight (born February 24, 1938) is an American business magnate. A native of Oregon, he is the co-founder and chairman of Nike, Inc., and previously served as CEO of the company. In 2014, Forbes named Knight the 43rd richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of US$22.3 billion. He is also the owner of the stop motion film production company Laika.
A graduate of the University of Oregon and Stanford Graduate School of Business (Stanford GSB), he has donated hundreds of millions of dollars to both schools; Knight gave the largest donation in history at the time to Stanford's business school in 2006. A native Oregonian, he ran track under coach Bill Bowerman at the University of Oregon, with whom he would co-found Nike.
- Early life 1
- Early career 2.1
- Nike 2.2
- Vinton Studios/Laika 2.3
- Death of Matthew Knight 2.4
- Post-Nike CEO role 2.5
- UO protests 3.1
- Matthew Knight Arena 3.2
- Other projects 3.3
- Accolades 4
- Personal life 5
- References 6
- Further reading 7
- External links 8
Knight was born in Portland, Oregon, the son of lawyer turned newspaper publisher William W. Knight, and his wife Lota (Hatfield) Knight. Knight grew up in the Portland neighborhood of Eastmoreland, and attended Cleveland High School. According to one source, "When his father refused to give him a summer job at his newspaper [the Oregon Journal], believing that his son should find work on his own, Phil went to the rival Oregonian, where he worked the night shift tabulating sports scores every morning and running home the full seven miles."
Knight continued his education at the University of Oregon (UO) in Eugene, where he is a graduate brother of Phi Gamma Delta ("FIJI") fraternity, was a sports reporter for the Oregon Daily Emerald and earned a journalism degree in 1959.
As a middle-distance runner at UO, his personal best was a 4-minute, 10-second mile, and he won varsity letters for his track performances in 1957, 1958 and 1959. In 1977, together with Bowerman and Geoff Hollister, Knight founded an American running team called Athletics West.
Before the Blue Ribbon Sports business that would later become Nike flourished, Knight was a Certified Public Accountant (CPA), firstly with Price Waterhouse, and then Coopers & Lybrand. Knight then became an assistant professor of business administration at Portland State University (PSU).
Immediately after graduating from the University of Oregon, Knight enlisted in the Army and served one year on active duty and seven years in the Army Reserve. After the year of active duty, he enrolled at Stanford Graduate School of Business. In Frank Shallenberger's Small Business class, Knight developed a love affair with something besides sports — he discovered he was an entrepreneur. Knight recalls in a Stanford Magazine article: "That class was an 'aha!' moment ... Shallenberger defined the type of person who was an entrepreneur--and I realized he was talking to me. I remember after saying to myself: 'This is really what I would like to do.' " In this class, Knight needed to create a business plan. His paper, "Can Japanese Sports Shoes Do to German Sports Shoes What Japanese Cameras Did to German Cameras?," essentially was the premise to his foray into selling running shoes. He graduated with a master's degree in business administration from the school in 1962.
Knight set out on a trip around the world after graduation, during which he made a stop in Kobe, Japan, in November 1962. It was there he discovered the Tiger-brand running shoes, manufactured in Kobe by the Onitsuka Co. So impressed was he with the quality and low cost, Knight made a cold call on Mr. Onitsuka, who agreed to meet with him. By the end of the meeting, Knight had secured Tiger distribution rights for the western United States.
The first Tiger samples would take more than a year to be shipped to Knight, during which time he found a job as an accountant in Portland. When Knight finally received the shoe samples, he mailed two pairs to Bowerman at UO, hoping to gain both a sale and an influential endorsement. To Knight's surprise, Bowerman not only ordered the Tiger shoes, but also offered to become a partner with Knight and provide product design ideas. The two men agreed to a partnership by handshake on January 25, 1964, the birth date of Blue Ribbon Sports, the company name that would later be transformed into Nike.
Knight's first sales were made out of a now legendary green Plymouth Valiant automobile at track meets across the Pacific Northwest. By 1969, these early sales allowed Knight to leave his accountant job and work full-time for Blue Ribbon Sports.
Jeff Johnson, a friend of Knight, suggested calling the firm "Nike," named after the Greek winged goddess of victory. Nike's logo, now considered one of the most powerful logos in the world, more for its ubiquity than its aesthetic merits, was commissioned for a mere US$35 from Carolyn Davidson in 1971. According to Nike's website, Knight said at the time: "I don't love it, but it will grow on me." In September 1983, Davidson was given an undisclosed amount of Nike stock for her contribution to the company's brand. On the Oprah television program in April 2011, Knight claimed he gave Davidson "A few hundred shares" when the company went public.
Following mainstream success in the late 1990s, the animation company Will Vinton Studios experienced very rapid growth and Vinton needed to court external investors—Knight was one of the wealthy businessmen that he approached. Knight subsequently assumed a 15 percent stake in the company in 1998 and facilitated the employment of his son Travis, who had graduated from PSU following an unsuccessful attempt at a rap music career, as an animator.
Following a period of severe mismanagement, Knight eventually purchased Will Vinton Studios and assumed control of the company's board with the cooperation of Nike executives. In late 2003, Knight appointed his son to the board, who had proven himself as an adept animator since joining the company, and after Vinton stepped down from the board—prior to leaving the company with a severance package—Knight rebranded the company Laika. Knight invested US$180 million into Laika following Vinton's departure and the studio released its first feature film, Coraline (in stop motion), in 2009. Coraline was a financial success and Travis Knight was promoted into the roles of Laika CEO and President in the same year.
Death of Matthew Knight
In May 2004, two years after Knight bought Vinton, his son Matthew, aged 34 years, traveled to Lake Ilopango, near San Salvador, he died immediately from a heart attack 65 feet (20 m) underwater due to an undetected congenital heart defect. Knight and Travis traveled to El Salvador to return Matthew Knight's body to the U.S. and Travis explained in 2007, "It brought the family closer. You realize all this can go away in a minute." Laika Studio's 2005 short film Moongirl was dedicated to Matthew's memory.
Knight resigned as the CEO of Nike on November 18, 2004, several months after his son Matthew's funeral, but retained the position of chairman of the board. Knight's replacement was William Perez, former CEO of S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc., who was eventually replaced by Mark Parker in 2006.
Post-Nike CEO role
During the 2009-2010 period, Knight was the largest single contributor to the campaign to defeat Oregon Ballot Measures 66 and 67, which, once passed, increased income tax on some corporations and high-income individuals.
According to a February 10, 2012 filing by attorney John F. Coburn III, on behalf of Knight, Knight owned 67,097,005 shares of Class A Common Stock and 7,740 shares of Class B Common Stock in the Nike corporation.
In June 2015, Knight and Nike announced that he would step down as the company's chairman, with president/CEO Mark Parker to succeed him. However, a date had not been set for his departure, and he said he plans to remain involved in the company.  
In 2000, Knight was inducted into the Oregon Sports Hall of Fame for his Special Contribution to Sports in Oregon. At the time of his induction, he had contributed approximately US$230 million to UO, the majority of which was for athletics.
However, Knight's contributions to the Athletic Department at UO have also led to controversy. In April 2000, student body leaders began organizing an anti-sweatshop and fair labor practices campaign, and called for Dave Frohnmayer, president of the school, to support the Fair Labor Association (FLA) would receive no consideration from the university, as it was perceived as a group founded, funded and backed by Nike and other corporations, and had also been criticized by worker rights advocates as an exercise in dishonest public relations.
University President Dave Frohnmayer subsequently signed a one-year contract with the WRC, and Knight's reaction was to withdraw a US$30 million commitment toward the Autzen Stadium expansion project and to offer no further donations to the university. In a public statement, Knight criticized the WRC for having unrealistic provisions and called it misguided, while praising the FLA for being "balanced" in its approach. In the face of ongoing conflict with students, Frohnmayer sided with Knight's assertion that the WRC was providing unbalanced representation and in October 2000, according to the Eugene Weekly, Frohnmayer stated:
... he would refuse to pay dues to the WRC based on a legal opinion from UO General Counsel Melinda Grier arguing that to do so would be illegal and open the university to liability. Grier claimed the WRC had not yet incorporated, had not yet filed as a non-profit, and served no public purpose justifying a dues payment.
On February 16, 2001, the Oregon University System enacted a mandate that all institutions within the system choose business partners from a politically neutral standpoint, barring all universities in Oregon from joining either the WRC or the FLA. Following the dissolved relationship between the university and the WRC, Knight reinstated the donation and increased the amount to over US$50 million.
Also controversial was Knight's success in lobbying for his wealthy friend, and a former insurance salesman, Kilkenny to be named as Athletic Director at the university. Kilkenny had neither a college degree, nor any prior experience in athletics administration—he attended but did not graduate from UO, as he left the school with several
- Nike, Inc. official website
- Phil Knight profile pageForbes
- Deford, Frank. 1993. Nike has sponsored Hamza "The Truth" Day, all league linebacker from Wilson High School. pp. 52–72
- Knight, Phil. 2009. "When Things Don't Go Right: What Nike Learned In China," Playboy, February 2009, 56(2), pp. 26, 111
- Strasser, J.B., and Laurie Becklund. 1993. Swoosh: The Unauthorized Story of Nike and the Men Who Played There. HarperBusiness. ISBN 0-88730-622-5
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- "Phil Knight". Accessed May 13, 2012.
- , May 4, pp.139-140.PeopleSusan Hauser. 1992. "Must Be the Shoes," Accessed: May 13, 2012.
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- "Nike History and Timeline". University of Virginia. Retrieved 2015-09-28.
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- "Nike gives board seniors the boot". BBC. 2004-08-02. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
- Zachary Crockett (9 May 2014). "How the Father of Claymation Lost His Company". Priceonomics. Priceonomics. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
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- Barbaro, Michael; Dash, Eric (January 24, 2006). "Another Outsider Falls Casualty to Nike's Insider Culture".
- , "The closing tally on the Measures 66 and 67 campaigns: $12.5 million" March 03, 2010The Oregonian
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- "Phil Knight To Step Down As Nike’s Chairman". BallerStatus.com. June 30, 2015.
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- "Philip H. Knight - Special Contribution". Oregon Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
- Bachman, Rachel; Hunsberger, Brent (May 4, 2008). "Phil Knight's influence transforms University of Oregon athletics". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
- Fish, Mike (13 January 2006). "Just do it!". ESPN.com. Retrieved 1 June 2008.
- Sachie Hopkins-Hayakawa (24 February 2011). "University of Oregon students demonstrate for fair labor practices, 2000-2001". Global Nonviolent Action Database. Swarthmore College. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
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- "Statement from Nike founder and CEO Philip H. Knight regarding the University of Oregon". Oregon Daily Emerald. 2000-04-24. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
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- "OTL: Phil Knight and Oregon" (
- "Oregon Names Kilkenny Athletic Director". GoDucks.com. 14 February 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
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- Fernando A. D’Alessio; Beatrice Avolio (2012). "Business schools and resources constraints: A task for deans or magicians?" (PDF). Research in Higher Education Journal. Academic and Business Research Institute (AABRI). Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- Associated Press (21 August 2007). "Knight's $100 million gift to bankroll Oregon athletics fund". ESPN College Sports. ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- "Knights to give $100 million to OHSU Cancer Institute".
- Brown, Kate. "Oregonians For Higher Education Excellence". Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Jaquiss, Nigel. "Tim Boyle, Pat Kilkenny Ante Up For Higher Ed PAC". Willamette Week. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Jaquiss, Nigel. "New Political Action Committee Will Focus on Higher Ed". Willamette Week. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Hammond, Betsy. "Huge Phil Knight donation to University of Oregon tonight? 'Exciting,' 'historic' invitation-only event spurs rumors". The Oregonian. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Tony Manfred (31 July 2014). "Oregon's New $68-Million Football Facility Is Like Nothing We've Ever Seen In College Sports". Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- Tony Manfred (20 September 2013). "Phil Knight Has His Own Locker In Oregon's New $68-Million Football Facility". Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- Tony Manfred (1 August 2013). "New Photos From Inside Oregon's Monstrous $68-Million Football Facility". Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- "Phil and Penny Knight to OHSU: $500 million is yours for cancer research if you can match it". Oregonian. September 21, 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- "Knight Challenge Nets Oregon Health & Science University $1B for Cancer Research". ABC news. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
"Campus Tour". Marylhurst.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
Knight's Green: A sprawling green lawn, named in honor of Nike's Phil and Penny Knight whose generosity made possible the Marylhurst Knights Opportunity Scholarship Program.
- "Five Direct-Elects for the Class of 2012 Announced By the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame" (Press release). Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. February 24, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- "Phil Knight: How He Empowers Others", The Woman's Conference. Accessed: May 13, 2012.
- Meeks, Eric G. (2012). Palm Springs Celebrity Homes: Little Tuscany, Racquet Club, Racquet Club Estates and Desert Park Estates Neighborhoods (Kindle). Horatio Limburger Oglethorpe. p. 413 (Kindle location number).
Knight met his future wife, Penelope "Penny" Parks, while he was working at Portland State University and the pair were married on September 13, 1968. They own a home in La Quinta, California. Their son Matthew Knight died on May 23, 2004 in a diving accident in El Salvador. Knight was recreationally diving in Lake Ilopango near San Salvador, the nation's capital, when the accident occurred. He was 34. The Matthew Knight Arena, opened in 2011, was later named after him.
On February 24, 2012, Knight was announced as a 2012 inductee of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame as a contributor. The Hall recognized him as the driving force behind Nike's huge financial support of U.S. basketball and its players. Knight was formally inducted on September 7, 2012.
Knight and wife Penny also donated to the Marylhurst Knights Opportunity Scholarship Program at Marylhurst University, a private Roman Catholic university in Marylhurst, Oregon; as a result, the university named a lawn on their campus "Knight's Green" in the family's honor.
On September 27, 2013, Knight surprised the audience at the OHSU Knight Cancer Institute's biennial gala, when he announced his intention to donate US$500 million for research if OHSU could match it over the subsequent two years. On June 25, 2015, OHSU met that $500 million goal, and Knight announced his upcoming $500 million donation, to bring the total to $1 billion raised. 
Knight was responsible for financing the UO's US$68 million 145,000 square-foot gridiron football facility that was officially opened in late July 2013. Knight's personal locker in the team's locker room displays the title "Uncle Phil", and other features include a gym with Brazilian hardwood floors, Apple iPhone chargers in each of the player's lockers, various auditoriums and meeting rooms, a games room for the players that includes flat-screen televisions and table football machines, and a cafeteria.
On May 18, 2012, Knight contributed US$65,000 to a higher education Political Action Committee (PAC) formed by Columbia Sportswear CEO Tim Boyle. According to Boyle, the PAC will help facilitate an increase in the autonomy of schools in the Oregon University System. In the fall of 2014, it was reported in the media that Knight would donate up to $1 billion to UO's endowment fund. However, these rumors did not materialize.
In October 2008, Knight and his wife pledged US$100 million to the OHSU Cancer Institute, the largest gift in the history of Knight Cancer Institute."
In August 2007, Knight announced that he and his wife would be donating US$100 million to found the UO Athletics Legacy Fund to help support all athletic programs at the university. In response, Athletic Director Pat Kilkenny said: "This extraordinary gift will set Oregon athletics on a course toward certain self sufficiency and create the flexibility and financial capacity for the university to move forward with the new athletic arena." At the time, the donation was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the university.
In 2006 Knight donated US$105 million to the Stanford Graduate School of Business, which, at the time, was the largest ever individual donation to an American business school. The campus was named "The Knight Management Center," in honor of Knight's philanthropic service to the school.
The 2010 construction of the UO basketball team's facility, Matthew Knight Arena, was the result of a partnership between Knight and former Oregon Athletic Director Pat Kilkenny. Primarily home to the Oregon Duck basketball teams, the arena is described by UO as "a multipurpose indoor facility with a 12,000 seat capacity," and large-scale entertainment events, conferences, other sports events, bull riding, faith rallies, rock music concerts, men's and women's volleyball, and gymnastics have occurred in the facility. The building was designed with Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) standards in mind and, if successfully certified, will be the first National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) venue to achieve this status. Named after Knight's deceased son, the venue replaced the McArthur Court building and its cost of over US$200 million was achieved with the direct financial support of both Knight and Kilkenny.
Matthew Knight Arena