Photo-erosion

Photo-erosion is the dispersion of the outer layers of a prestellar core by the ionizing radiation of a nearby star.

This erosion prevents the accretion of these outer layers around the protostar at the centre of the core; and this, in turn, prevents the protostar from becoming a fully-fledged star. The protostar instead becomes a brown dwarf or planetary-mass object.[1]

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