Pisiform bone

Pisiform bone

Pisiform bone
Left hand anterior view (palmar view). Pisiform bone shown in red.
The left pisiform bone
Details
Latin Os pisiforme
Origins ulnar collateral ligament
Articulations triangular
Identifiers
MeSH A02.835.232.087.319.150.600
Dorlands
/Elsevier
o_07/12598620
FMA 23718
Anatomical terms of bone

The pisiform bone ( or ), also spelled pisiforme (from the Latin pisifomis, pea-shaped), is a small knobbly, pea-shaped sesamoid bone that is found in the wrist. It forms the ulnar border of the carpal tunnel.

Contents

  • Structure 1
  • Function 2
  • History 3
  • Other animals 4
  • See also 5
  • Additional images 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Structure

The pisiform bone is a small sesamoid bone found in the proximal row of the wrist (carpus). It situated where the ulna joins the wrist, within the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle.[1]:199,205

It only has one side that acts as a joint, articulating with the triquetral bone. It is on a plane anterior to the other carpal bones and is spheroidal in form.

The pisiform bone has four surfaces:

  1. The dorsal surface is smooth and oval, and articulates with the triquetral: this facet approaches the superior, but not the inferior border of the bone.
  2. The palmar surface is rounded and rough, and gives attachment to the transverse carpal ligament, the flexor carpi ulnaris and the abductor digiti quinti.
  3. The lateral and medial surfaces are also rough, the former being concave, the latter usually convex.

Function

Unlike the other carpal bones, the pisiform is not involved in movement of the wrist.[2] :5

History

The etymology derives from the Latin pīsum which means "pea".

Other animals

As compared with apes, which have an elongated Pisiform, humans have a shorter pisiform bone. This is likely because of the loss of one of two growth plates.[3] This may be because of evolutionary benefits from having a shorter pisiform bone, including facilitating ulnar deviation of the hand, and preventing hyperextension of the wrist, actions that improve the action of clubbing. [4]

See also

Additional images

References

  1. ^ Tim D. White, Human Osteology, 2nd edition (San Diego: Academic Press, 2000)
  2. ^ Beasley's Surgery of the Hand. Thieme New York. 2003.  
  3. ^ Kjosness, Kelsey M.; Hines, Jasmine E.; Lovejoy, C. Owen; Reno, Philip L. (November 2014). "The pisiform growth plate is lost in humans and supports a role for in growth plate formation". Journal of Anatomy 225 (5): 527–538.  
  4. ^ Young, Richard W. (January 2003). "Evolution of the human hand: the role of throwing and clubbing". Journal of Anatomy 202 (1): 165–174.  

External links

  • Cross section image: limbs/hand/hand-fr-1 - Plastination Laboratory at the Medical University of Vienna
  • Hand kinesiology at the University of Kansas Medical Center
  • Illustration at ntu.edu.tw