The Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom was a nonviolent demonstration in Washington, DC on May 17, 1957, an early event of the African-American Civil Rights Movement, and the occasion for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Give Us the Ballot speech.

Background

The demonstration was planned at the occasion of the third anniversary of the Brown vs Board of Education, a landmark Supreme Court decision against segregation in public schools. The event organizers urged the government to abide by that decision, as the process of desegregation was being obstructed at local and state levels.

The march was organized by [2] A call for the demonstration was issued on April 5, 1957, by Randolph, Martin Luther King, and Roy Wilkins.[4]

The event

The three-hour demonstration took place in front of the Lincoln Memorial. Mahalia Jackson and Harry Belafonte participated in the event. Paul Robeson and his wife Eslanda attended, but were largely ignored.[5] Among the speakers were Roy Wilkins, Mordecai Johnson, and Martin Luther King. King was the last speaker and it was the first time that he addressed a national audience.[6][7] It was his first Lincoln Memorial speech and set the agenda for voting rights as an important part of the civil rights struggle against a reluctant administration.[8] About 25,000 demonstrators attended the event pray and voice their opinion. At its time the event was the largest organized demonstration for civil rights.

Give Us the Ballot

Dr. King's oratory at the event is named the "Give Us the Ballot" speech, as its key section uses this demand as an liturgy followed by a listing of the different changes that voting rights for African-Americans would bring about.

"Give us the ballot and we will no longer have to worry the federal government about our basic rights ...
"Give us the ballot and we will no longer plead to the federal government for passage of an anti-lynching law ...
"Give us the ballot and we will fill our legislative halls with men of good will ...
"Give us the ballot and we will place judges on the benches of the South who will do justly and love mercy ...
"Give us the ballot and we will quietly and nonviolently, without rancor or bitterness, implement the Supreme Court's decision of May 17, 1954."[9]

It is one of King's major speeches.[8]

Results

With his oratory King established himself as the "No. 1 leader of 16 million Negroes" (James L. Hicks, [1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Civil Rights Digital Library. "Prayer Pilgrimage for freedom, Washington, D.C.". Retrieved March 2, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute. "Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom (1957)". Retrieved March 2, 2009. 
  3. ^ The Martin Luther King, Jr. Encyclopedia. "Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom (1957)". Retrieved April 29, 2010. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^  
  6. ^ CBS: May 17, 1957
  7. ^ Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement. "Prayer Pilgrimage to DC for Civil Rights". Retrieved March 2, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b David J. Garrow (January 19, 2009). "An Unfinished Dream".  
  9. ^ "Give Us the Ballot" Speech
  10. ^ Mervyn A. Warren. King Came Preaching: The Pulpit Power of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. InterVarsity Press, 2001. p. 41.  

External links

  • Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom, Washington, D.C., Civil Rights Digital Library.

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