Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John Rich|
|Produced by||Hal B. Wallis|
|Story by||Allan Weiss|
|Music by||Joseph J. Lilley|
Hal Wallis Productions
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$3,300,000 (US/ Canada rentals)|
Roustabout is a 1964 American musical feature film starring Elvis Presley as a singer who takes a job working with a struggling carnival. The film was produced by Hal Wallis and directed by John Rich from a screenplay by Anthony Lawrence and Allan Weiss. The screenplay was nominated for a Writers Guild of America award for best written American musical although Roustabout received a lukewarm review in Variety. The film's soundtrack album was one of Elvis Presley's most successful, reaching no. 1 on the Billboard Album Chart.
Musician Charlie Rogers (Barbara Stanwyck). When Charlie tries to become friendly with Cathy, Joe forces him off the road and the bike is wrecked after crashing into a wooden fence.
Maggie offers him a place to stay and a job with her struggling traveling carnival while the bike is being repaired. Charlie becomes a "carnie", a roustabout. Maggie recognizes his musical talents and promotes him to feature attraction. His act soon draws large crowds. Off stage, Charlie romances Cathy, which creates animosity with Joe. After the two men repeatedly clash and Charlie is accused of holding back a customer's lost wallet that Joe was accused of stealing, Charlie leaves to star in the much better financed show of rival carnival producer Harry Carver (Pat Buttram).
Once again, he is a great success. However, when Charlie learns that Maggie is facing bankruptcy, he returns to her carnival. In the musical finale, he is happily reunited with Cathy.
- Elvis Presley as Charlie Rogers
- Barbara Stanwyck as Maggie Morgan
- Joan Freeman as Cathy Lean
- Leif Erickson as Joe Lean
- Jack Albertson as Lou, a teahouse manager
- Sue Ane Langdon as Madame Mijanou, a fortune teller
- Pat Buttram as Harry Carver
- Joan Staley as Marge
- Dabbs Greer as Arthur Nielsen
- Steve Brodie as Fred the Pitcher
- Norman Grabowski as Sam
- Lynn Borden as a college student
- Jane Dulo as Hazel
- Joel Fluellen as Cody Marsh, another roustabout
- Wilda Taylor as Little Egypt, the principal dancer in the number "Little Egypt"
Uncredited actors listed alphabetically:
- Beverly Adams as Cora, a dancer
- Billy Barty as Billy, carnival midget
- Teri Garr as College Girl. Garr can also be seen as a backup dancer during several musical numbers.
- Joy Harmon as College Girl
- Richard Kiel as Strongman. Kiel is better known for playing "Jaws" in the James Bond movies The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) and Moonraker (1979)
- Kent McCord as Carnival Worker
- Raquel Welch as College Girl
- Red West as Carnival Worker
- See also Roustabout (album)
- "Roustabout" by Bill Giant, Bernie Baum and Florence Kaye
- "Poison Ivy League" by Bill Giant, Bernie Baum and Florence Kaye
- "One Track Heart" by Bill Giant, Bernie Baum and Florence Kaye
- "Wheels On My Heels" by Sid Tepper and Roy C. Bennett
- "It's a Wonderful World" by Sid Tepper and Roy C. Bennett
- "It's Carnival Time" by Ben Weisman and Sid Wayne
- "Carny Town" by Fred Wise and Randy Starr
- "Hard Knocks" by Joy Byers
- "There's a Brand New Day On the Horizon" by Joy Byers
- "Big Love, Big Heartache" by Dolores Fuller, Lee Morris and Sonny Hendrix
- "Little Egypt" by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
- "I'm A Roustabout" by Otis Blackwell and Winfield Scott, a different and unreleased theme song for the movie
All tunes in the film were sung by Presley.
Roustabout reached #8 nationally at the box office in 1964 based on the Variety survey. The film finished as #28 on the year-end list of the top-grossing movies of 1964 and earned $3 million at the box office.
While the New York Times declined to review the film, Variety was lukewarn, faulting mainly the script, but noted the film would likely be a box-office hit based upon its star names, songs, and Technicolor, Techniscope qualities.
Awards and honors
The film's screenwriters, Anthony Lawrence and Allan Weiss, were nominated for the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Written American Musical. The film generated a best-selling soundtrack album that went #1 on the Billboard charts. The soundtrack album would be Presley's final #1 soundtrack and last #1 album until 1969's From Elvis in Memphis, which topped the charts in the U.K.
- "Mountain Jews: customs and daily life in the Caucasus, Leʼah Miḳdash-Shema", Liya Mikdash-Shamailov, Muzeʼon Yiśraʼel (Jerusalem), UPNE, 2002, page 17
- Mountain Jews: customs and daily life in the Caucasus, Leʼah Miḳdash-Shemaʻʼilov, Liya Mikdash-Shamailov, Muzeʼon Yiśraʼel (Jerusalem), UPNE, 2002, page 9
- Mountain Jews: customs and daily life in the Caucasus, Leʼah Miḳdash-Shemaʻʼilov, Liya Mikdash-Shamailov, Muzeʼon Yiśraʼel (Jerusalem), UPNE, 2002, page 19
- Brook, Kevin Alan. The Jews of Khazaria. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2006, page 233
- Pinkus, B., & Frankel, J. (1984). The Soviet Government and the Jews, 1948-1967: A Documented Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Kiril Feferman: "Nazi Germany and the Mountain Jews: Was There a Policy?", in: Richard D. Breitman (ed.): Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Volume 21 Spring 2007, Oxford University Press, pp. 96-114.
- Gorodetsky, L. (2001). "Jews from the Caucasus: A dying breed?" http://www.jta.org/2001/06/06/life-religion/features/jews-from-the-caucasus-a-dying-breed-3 Accessed November 12, 2013.
- JTA. (2000). Around the Jewish World: "Russia’s Mountain Jews Support War in Chechnya, but Are Eager to Get Out." http://www.jta.org/2000/03/01/archive/around-the-jewish-world-russias-mountain-jews-support-war-in-chechnya-but-are-eager-to-get-out#ixzz2kSedZ42B Accessed November 12, 2013.
- Sarah Marcus, "Mountain Jews: A New Read on Jewish Life", Tablet Magazine, Accessed November 12, 2013.
- Brown, F. (2002). "Mountain Jews struggle to keep culture intact", Chicago Tribune, 22 November 2002. Accessed November 12, 2013
- Pinkus, B., & Frankel, J. (1984). The Soviet Government and the Jews, 1948-1967: A Documented Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Chicago
- Cnaan Liphshiz. (2013). "Jewish shtetl in Azerbaijan survives amid Muslim majority." http://www.jta.org/2013/08/29/news-opinion/world/jewish-shtetl-in-azerbaijan-survives-amid-muslim-majority#ixzz2kSt0TdaT Accessed at November 12, 2013.
- Miḳdash-Shemaʻʼilov, L. (2002). Mountain Jews: Customs and Daily Life in the Caucasus (Vol. 474). UPNE. Chicago
- The Mountain Jews. http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/109629/jewish/The-Mountain-Jews.htm Accessed November 12, 2013
- Jewish Virtual History Library, Azerbaijan, Accessed November 11, 2013.
- Cnaan Liphshiz. (2013). "Jewish shtetl in Azerbaijan survives amid Muslim majority." http://www.jta.org/2013/08/29/news-opinion/world/jewish-shtetl-in-azerbaijan-survives-amid-muslim-majority#ixzz2kSt0TdaT Accessed at November 12, 2013
- Miḳdash-Shemaʻʼilov, L. (2002). The community has developed new specialties, becoming known for their skills in mechanics and particularly classic car restoration. http://www.thejewishnews.com/jews-who-cruise/ Mountain Jews: Customs and daily life in the Caucasus (Vol. 474). UPNE. Chicago
- Alexander Murinson. "Jews in Azerbaijan: a History Spanning Three Millennia." http://www.stmegi.com/Common_Public/BlogPage.aspx?bid=1012/ Accessed November 12, 2012.
- Behar, D. M., Metspalu, E., Kivisild, T., Rosset, S., Tzur, S., Hadid, Y., ... & Skorecki, K. (2008). "Counting the Founders: The Matrilineal Genetic Ancestry of the Jewish Diaspora", Plos one, 3(4), e2062.
- BRYAN SCHWARTZ. "Teens lead Azerbaijan Jews up the spiritual mountain.", JWeekly http://www.jweekly.com/article/full/17495/teens-lead-azerbaijan-jews-up-the-spiritual-mountain/ Accessed November 12, 2013.
- The Mountain Jews of Daghestan, Jewish Communities in Exotic Places by Ken Blady (Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson Inc., 2000), pages 158
- Blady (2000), The Mountain Jews of Daghestan, pp. 158-159
- "Good name is very valuable thing." From interview of his daughter Lyudmila Hizgilovna Avshalumov. http://www.obzor-smi.ru/?com=articles&page=article_print&id=3459 Retrieved 08.06.2011.
- This figure consists of anticipated rentals accruing distributors in North America. See "Big Rental Pictures of 1965", Variety, 5 January 1966 p 6
- Adam Victor. The Elvis Encyclopedia. Overlook, 2008.
- Billboard Magazine.
- Roustabout at the Internet Movie Database
- Roustabout at AllMovie
- Roustabout at the TCM Movie Database
- Roustabout at Rotten Tomatoes