Saint-Roch, Paris

Saint-Roch, Paris

Saint-Roch, Paris
Saint-Roch
Basic information
Location 284 Rue Saint-Honoré, 1e
Geographic coordinates
Affiliation Catholic Church
Rite Roman Rite
Region Île-de-France
State France
Province Archdiocese of Paris
Status Active
Heritage designation 1862
Website .fr.cef.saintrochpariswww
Architectural description
Architectural type Parish church
Architectural style Baroque
Direction of façade South
Groundbreaking 1653 (1653)
Completed 1722 (1722)
Official name: Eglise Saint-Roch
Designated 1914
Reference no. PA00085798[1]
Denomination Église
for other churches dedicated to Saint Roch, see Church of Saint Roch

The Church of Saint-Roch (chapels. One of them is dedicated to Saint Susanna in memory of the church which used to stand in its place. Accordingly, there is a mural painting above the altar, showing Saint Susanna fleeing her attackers, and looking up to the heavens for the help of God. The church is also notable as a result of the marriage there of the Marquis de Sade on May 17, 1763.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Notable tombs 2
  • Gallery 3
  • Location 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

In 1521, the tradesman Jean Dinocheau had a chapel built on the outskirts of Paris, which he dedicated to Saint Susanna. In 1577, his nephew Etienne Dinocheau had it extended into a larger church. In 1629, it became the parish church and thereafter underwent further work. The first stone of the church of Saint-Roch was laid by Louis XIV in 1653, accompanied by his mother Anne of Austria. Originally designed by Jacques Lemercier, the building's construction was halted in 1660 and was resumed in 1701 under the direction of architect Jacques Hardouin-Mansart, brother of the better-known Jules Hardouin-Mansart. Work was finally completed in 1754.

At the time of the French Revolution, the church of Saint-Roch was often at the centre of events and was the scene of many shootings which have left their mark on the façade. 13 Vendémiaire was one such occasion, this was pivotal in the rise of Napoleon. It was not only the outside of the church that was damaged. During the Revolution it was ransacked, and many works of art were stolen or destroyed. Amongst the missing paintings was one of Dinocheau, a generous donor, who built the first church on this spot. His portrait, which used to hang in a side chapel, has been found and is now in Italy, in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore in Piedmont. This portrait is currently misidentified as that of Paul Feminis.

According to Tad Szulc, Chopin composed a Veni Creator prayer that he played on the organ during Mass at St. Roch, the 'Polish Church' [for the Poles living in exile in Paris]. [3]

Notable tombs

Notable tombs in the church include those of Denis Diderot, the Baron d'Holbach, Henri de Lorraine-Harcourt, Pierre Corneille, André le Nôtre, Marie Anne de Bourbon (daughter of Louis XIV) and Marie-Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin.

Gallery

Location

___
Located near the Métro stationPyramides.

References

  1. ^ Mérimée database 1993
  2. ^
  3. ^ Szulz, Tad (1998) Chopin in Paris, p332

External links

  • Website (French)
  • Structurae
  • Description of the church (French)