Sea Bream

Sparidae
Calamus bajonado
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sparidae
Genera

Many, see text

The Sparidae are a family of fish in the order Perciformes, commonly called sea breams and porgies (North America). The sheepshead, scup, and red seabream are species in this family. They are found in shallow temperate and tropical waters and are bottom-dwelling carnivores. Most species possess grinding, molar-like teeth.[1] Some of the species, such as Polysteganus undulosus, have been subject to overfishing, or exploitation beyond sustainable recovery.[2]

Species

The family Sparidae contains 125 species in 37 genera and is classified here according to Fishbase.

  • Genus Acanthopagrus
  • Genus Allotaius
    • Allotaius spariformis (Ogilby, 1910)
  • Genus Archosargus
  • Genus Argyrops
    • Argyrops bleekeri, Taiwan tai (Oshima, 1927)
    • Argyrops filamentosus, soldierbream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Argyrops megalommatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
    • Argyrops spinifer, king soldierbream (Forsskål, 1775)
  • Genus Argyrozona
    • Argyrozona argyrozona, carpenter seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Genus Boops
    • Boops boops, bogue (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Boops lineatus, striped boga (Boulenger, 1892)
  • Genus Boopsoidea
    • Boopsoidea inornata, fransmadam (Castelnau, 1861)
  • Genus Calamus
    • Calamus arctifrons, grass porgy (Goode & Bean, 1882)
    • Calamus bajonado, jolthead porgy (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
    • Calamus brachysomus, Pacific porgy (Lockington, 1880)
    • Calamus calamus, saucereye porgy (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Calamus campechanus, Campeche porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
    • Calamus cervigoni, spotfin porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
    • Calamus leucosteus, whitebone porgy(Jordan & Gilbert, 1885)
    • Calamus mu, flathead porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
    • Calamus nodosus, knobbed porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
    • Calamus penna, sheepshead porgy (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Calamus pennatula, Pluma porgy (Guichenot, 1868)
    • Calamus proridens, littlehead porgy (Jordan & Gilbert, 1884)
    • Calamus taurinus, Galapagos porgy (Jenyns, 1840)
  • Genus Cheimerius
    • Cheimerius matsubarai, hoshierenko (Akazaki, 1962)
    • Cheimerius nufar, Santer seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Genus Chrysoblephus
    • Chrysoblephus anglicus, Englishman seabream (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
    • Chrysoblephus cristiceps, daggerhead seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Chrysoblephus gibbiceps, red stumpnose seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Chrysoblephus laticeps, Roman seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Chrysoblephus lophus, false red stumpnose (Fowler, 1925)
    • Chrysoblephus puniceus, slinger seabream (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
  • Genus Crenidens
    • Crenidens crenidens, Karenteen seabream (Forsskål, 1775)
  • Genus Cymatoceps
    • Cymatoceps nasutus, Poenskop seabream (Castelnau, 1861)


  • Genus Dentex
    • Dentex angolensis, Angola dentex (Poll & Maul, 1953)
    • Dentex barnardi, Barnard's dentex (Cadenat, 1970)
    • Dentex canariensis, Canary dentex (Steindachner, 1881)
    • Dentex congoensis, Congo dentex (Poll, 1954)
    • Dentex dentex, common dentex (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Dentex fourmanoiri (Akazaki & Séret, 1999)
    • Dentex gibbosus, pink dentex (Rafinesque, 1810)
    • Dentex macrophthalmus, large-eye dentex (Bloch, 1791)
    • Dentex maroccanus, Morocco dentex (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Dentex tumifrons, yellowback seabream (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  • Genus Diplodus
    • Diplodus annularis, annular seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Diplodus argenteus argenteus, South American silver porgy (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus argenteus caudimacula, silver porgy (Poey, 1860)
    • Diplodus bellottii, Senegal seabream (Steindachner, 1882)
    • Diplodus bermudensis, Bermuda porgy (Caldwell, 1965)
    • Diplodus capensis, Cape white seabream (Smith, 1844)
    • Diplodus cervinus cervinus, zebra seabream (Lowe, 1838)
    • Diplodus cervinus hottentotus, zebra (Smith, 1844)
    • Diplodus cervinus omanensis, Oman porgy (Bauchot & Bianchi, 1984)
    • Diplodus fasciatus, banded seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus holbrookii, spottail pinfish (Bean, 1878)
    • Diplodus noct, Red Sea seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus prayensis, two-banded seabream (Cadenat, 1964)
    • Diplodus puntazzo, sharpsnout seabream (Cetti, 1777)
    • Diplodus sargus ascensionis (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus sargus cadenati, Moroccan white seabream (de la Paz, Bauchot & Daget, 1974)
    • Diplodus sargus helenae, St. Helena white seabream (Sauvage, 1879)
    • Diplodus sargus kotschyi, one-spot seabream (Steindachner, 1876)
    • Diplodus sargus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus sargus sargus, white seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Diplodus vulgaris, common two-banded seabream (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
  • Genus Evynnis
    • Evynnis cardinalis, threadfin porgy (Lacepède, 1802)
    • Evynnis japonica, crimson seabream (Tanaka, 1931)
  • Genus Gymnocrotaphus
    • Gymnocrotaphus curvidens, janbruin (Günther, 1859)
  • Genus Lagodon
  • Genus Lithognathus
    • Lithognathus aureti, west coast seabream (Smith, 1962)
    • Lithognathus lithognathus, white steenbras (Cuvier, 1829)
    • Lithognathus mormyrus, striped seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Lithognathus olivieri, steenbras (Penrith & Penrith, 1969)
  • Genus Oblada
  • Genus Pachymetopon
    • Pachymetopon aeneum, blue hottentot (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
    • Pachymetopon blochii, Hottentot seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Pachymetopon grande, bronze seabream (Günther, 1859)
  • Genus Pagellus
    • Pagellus acarne, axillary seabream (Risso, 1827)
    • Pagellus affinis, Arabian pandora (Boulenger, 1888)
    • Pagellus bellottii, red pandora (Steindachner, 1882)
    • Pagellus bogaraveo, blackspot seabream (Brünnich, 1768)
    • Pagellus erythrinus, common pandora (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Pagellus natalensis, Natal pandora (Steindachner, 1903)
  • Genus Pagrus
    • Pagrus africanus, southern common seabream (Akazaki, 1962)
    • Pagrus auratus, Australasian snapper (Forster, 1801)
    • Pagrus auriga, redbanded seabream (Valenciennes, 1843)
    • Pagrus caeruleostictus, bluespotted seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Pagrus major, red seabream (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
    • Pagrus pagrus, common seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Genus Parargyrops
    • Parargyrops edita (Tanaka, 1916)
  • Genus Petrus
  • Genus Polyamblyodon
    • Polyamblyodon germanum, German seabream (Barnard, 1934)
    • Polyamblyodon gibbosum, knife-back seabream (Pellegrin, 1914)
  • Genus Polysteganus
    • Polysteganus baissaci, Frenchman seabream (Smith, 1978)
    • Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus, blueskin seabream (Klunzinger, 1870)
    • Polysteganus mascarenensis Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2011[4]
    • Polysteganus praeorbitalis, Scotsman seabream (Günther, 1859)
    • Polysteganus undulosus, seventy-four seabream (Regan, 1908)
  • Genus Porcostoma
    • Porcostoma dentata, Dane seabream (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
  • Genus Ptreogymnus
  • Genus Rhabdosargus
    • Rhabdosargus globiceps, white stumpnose (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Rhabdosargus haffara, Haffara seabream (Forsskål, 1775)
    • Rhabdosargus holubi, Cape stumpnose (Steindachner, 1881)
    • Rhabdosargus sarba, tarwhine (Forsskål, 1775)
    • Rhabdosargus thorpei, bigeye stumpnose (Smith, 1979)
  • Genus Sarpa
    • Sarpa salpa, salema (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Genus Sparidentex
    • Sparidentex hasta, Sobaity seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Genus Sparodon
    • Sparodon durbanensis, musselcracker seabream (Castelnau, 1861)
  • Genus Sparus
  • Genus Spondyliosoma
    • Spondyliosoma cantharus, black seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Spondyliosoma emarginatum, Steentje seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Genus Stenotomus
    • Stenotomus caprinus, longspine porgy (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
    • Stenotomus chrysops, scup (Linnaeus, 1766)
  • Genus Virididentex
    • Virididentex acromegalus, bulldog dentex (Osório, 1911)

Timeline of genera

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color:eocene bar:NAM3  from:	-55.8	till:	0	text:	Pagrus
color:eocene bar:NAM4  from:	-55.8	till:	0	text:	Dentex
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color:eocene bar:NAM6  from:	-48.6	till:	0	text:	Oblada
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Cookery

The most celebrated of the breams in cookery are the gilt-head bream and the common dentex.[5]

See also

References