Sex symbol

Sex symbol

According to the BBC, "Marilyn Monroe is perhaps Hollywood's most enduring sex symbol".[1]

A sex symbol is a celebrity of either sex, typically an actor, musician, supermodel, teen idol, or sports star, noted for being widely regarded as sexually attractive. The term was first used in the mid-1950s in relation to the popularity of certain film stars, including Marilyn Monroe and Brigitte Bardot.[2]

Contents

  • Notable examples 1
    • 1920s and before 1.1
    • 1930s 1.2
    • 1940s 1.3
    • 1950s 1.4
    • 1960s 1.5
    • 1970s 1.6
    • 1980s 1.7
    • 1990s 1.8
    • 2000s 1.9
    • 2010s 1.10
  • Fictional examples 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Notable examples

1920s and before

1930s

1940s

1950s

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

2010s

Fictional examples

According to Rotten Tomatoes, the 1930s cartoon character Betty Boop is "the first and most famous sex symbol on animated screen".[311] Jessica Rabbit (voiced by Kathleen Turner) from the 1988 live-action/animation crossover film Who Framed Roger Rabbit has been described as a sex symbol as well.[312]

Video games have had a few characters that are considered sex symbols; one example would be Lara Croft,[313][314][315] who has had several appearances in mainstream media. Nell McAndrew, who portrayed Lara from 1998 to 1999 in media appearances, appeared in Playboy on August 1999, although the magazine was prevented legally from displaying the name "Lara Croft" on its cover.[316]

Other sex symbols include Rayne, the first video game character that appeared in Playboy, in its October 2004 US issue's article, "Gaming Grows Up";[317] and Nina Williams, voted "Hottest" Female Fighting Character in Guinness World Records, Gamers Edition 2008.[318]

See also

References

  1. ^ Witness – The Death of Marilyn Monroe of BBC
  2. ^ a b c  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "The Evolution of Sex Symbols". The Florida Times Union. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Jules-Rosette, Bennetta (2007). Josephine Baker in art and life: the icon and the image. Chicago: University of Illinois Press. p. 54.  
  5. ^ "Theda Bara Sex Symbol:That Silent Film Vamp Drove Men Mad". The Atlanta Georgian. 1917. 
  6. ^ Eyman, Scott. "Briefly a Movie Actress— Still a Potent Sex Symbol" New York Observer (December 18, 2006)
  7. ^ "Les Symboles Sexuels Anciens (1) : Lina Cavalieri". My Opera. Retrieved 17 July 2009. 
  8. ^ a b Robertson, Pamela (1996). Guilty Pleasures: Feminist Camp from Mae West to Madonna. I.B.Tauris. p. 38.  
  9. ^ British Federation of Film Societies
  10. ^ Obituary Variety, November 6, 1968, page 71.
  11. ^ The Poetry of Mary Robinson
  12. ^ Fields, Armond (2008). "Lillian Russell: A Biography of America's Beauty". McFarland. p. 215.  
  13. ^ "Rudolph Valentino: Style Icon". askmen (USA). 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2011-04-01. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m [1] xianet.net (February 6, 2012)
  15. ^ Caterson, Simon (10-06-2009). "Errol Flynn, man in tights". onlineopinion.com (Australia). Retrieved 2011-04-05. 
  16. ^ a b Gribben, Mark. "Lana Turner and Johnny Stompanato - Hollywood Homicide" TruTv website
  17. ^ Hollywood Stories
  18. ^ "Golden Boy: The Sexy Ways of Joel McCrea". Bright Lights Film Journal. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  19. ^ Searching for Stars
  20. ^ Sadoff, Dianne F. (January 2010). Victorian Vogue: British Novels on Screen. U of Minnesota Press. p. 76.  
  21. ^ a b c Heide, Robert; Gilman, John (20 May 1986). Starstruck: the wonderful world of movie memorabilia. Doubleday. p. 214.  
  22. ^ Brighton, Leigh (November 2010). The Guide to Male Sex Symbols of The 1930's. BiblioBazaar.  
  23. ^ All Music Guide
  24. ^ Shimizu, Celine Parreñas. The hypersexuality of race: performing Asian/American women on screen and scene Duke University Press, 2007. ISBN 0-8223-4033-X p.90
  25. ^ a b c d e f g Cooke, Ken (1 January 2007). History of the Percy Jackson Grammar School: Adwick-le-street, Doncaster, Yorkshire, 1939-1968 : Recollections of Schooldays of the 1940s, 1950s & 1960s. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 73.  
  26. ^ "Kirk Douglas's last mission". Daily Express. Retrieved October 26, 2012. 
  27. ^ People
  28. ^ Mermann-Jozwiak, Elisabeth; Sullivan, Nancy (2009). Conversations with Mexican American Writers: Languages and Literatures in the Borderlands. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 10.  
  29. ^ "A Tribute to Rita Hayworth". Classic movies. United States. 2008. Retrieved 2008. 
  30. ^ Robert E. Johnson (July 23, 1981). "Lena Horne Burns Broadway With Hot Songs and Biting Rap".  
  31. ^ American Film. American Film Institute. 1984. p. 23. 
  32. ^ Porter, Darwin (2005). Howard Hughes: Hell's Angel. Blood Moon Productions Ltd. p. 639.  
  33. ^ "Hedy Lamarr, Sex Symbol And Inventor Of Wireless Technology". 
  34. ^ Brawley, Sean; Dixon, Chris (7 August 2012). Hollywood's South Seas and the Pacific War: Searching for Dorothy Lamour. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 131.  
  35. ^ "FILM SOCIETY CELEBRATES BURT LANCASTER CENTENNIAL". AFI. Retrieved May 14, 2013. 
  36. ^ Stripping Gypsy
  37. ^ Hyams, Joe (March 1991). Flight of the Avenger: George Bush at War. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. p. 128.  
  38. ^ [2] Entertainment Weekly (February 6, 2012)
  39. ^ Los Angeles Times
  40. ^ "1940s sex symbol Jane Russell dies at 89". today.msnbc.msn.com. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  41. ^ Fuchs, Jeanne; Prigozy, Ruth (2007). Frank Sinatra: The Man, the Music, the Legend. University Rochester Press. p. 39.  
  42. ^ People
  43. ^ http://www.nerve.com/entertainment/movies/sex-icons-of-film-women?page=5
  44. ^ Linda Williams (2008), Screening sex, Duke University Press, ISBN 0-8223-4285-5, p.114.
  45. ^ New York Times
  46. ^ Sandomir, Richard (1 January 1993). The Joy of Baldness: Men With Less Hair and the Women Who Love Them. SP Books. p. 175.  
  47. ^ French Costume Drama of the 1950s
  48. ^ Quinlan, David (1 January 1987). Wicked women of the screen. Batsford. p. 74.  
  49. ^ From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. Andrews McMeel Publishing. 1 June 2005. p. 5.  
  50. ^ [3] LA Times (February 6, 2012)
  51. ^ a b c d e f "Top 10 Sex Symbols of the 50s & 60s". Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  52. ^ Leach, Jim (30 August 2004). British Film. Cambridge University Press. p. 108.  
  53. ^ [4] Britannica (February 6, 2012)
  54. ^ Landazuri, Margarita. "How to Marry a Millionaire" on TCM.com
  55. ^ "Amazing Grace: Why we'll always adore the divine Grace Kelly".  
  56. ^ Exploring America's Highways: Michigan Trip Trivia. Exploring America's Highway. 2004. p. 10.  
  57. ^ Vampire Nation
  58. ^ "Gina Lollobrigida Biography". nndb.com (USA). 2007. 
  59. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "100 Greatest Sex Symbols".  
  60. ^ Shales, Tom (October 14, 1996). "Kim Novak: No Fear of Falling". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  61. ^ Ewbank, Tim; Hildred, Stafford (13 April 2010). Cliff: An Intimate Portrait of a Living Legend. Ebury Publishing. p. 120.  
  62. ^ a b L'Espresso (in Italian). 2001. p. 39. 
  63. ^ Mallory, Peter (March 23, 2011). "Remembering Elizabeth Taylor, America's sweetheart and sex symbol for the older generation". NSBNEws. 
  64. ^ King, Susan. "Mamie Van Doren is all dressed up" Los Angeles Times (January 1, 2011)
  65. ^ Prime-Time Hits
  66. ^ Johnson, Randal; Stam, Robert (January 1995). Brazilian Cinema. Columbia University Press. p. 232.  
  67. ^ "Warren Beatty: From Sex Symbol to Sexual Relic". 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-12. 
  68. ^ Hickman, Tom (1999). The sexual century. Carlton. p. 246.  
  69. ^ Christian, Claudia; Buchanan, Morgan Grant (21 August 2013). Babylon Confidential: A Memoir of Love, Sex, and Addiction. BenBella Books, Inc. p. 1962.  
  70. ^ "Eric Clapton-". Retrieved 2014-10-1. 
  71. ^ Huckvale, David (2010). Touchstones of Gothic Horror: A Film Genealogy of Eleven Motifs and Images. McFarland. p. 94.  
  72. ^ Leonard Cohen on Leonard Cohen
  73. ^ a b c d e f g "Legendary Icons - Male Sex Symbols Through The Years". (c)2011. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  74. ^ "'"Catherine Deneuve never tried to be a 'sex symbol. Yahoo Lifestyle India. Yahoo!. September 1, 2011. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  75. ^ a b c d e "LAS SEX SYMBOLS TELEVISIVAS DE LOS AÑOS 60, 70 Y 80" (in Spanish). September 6, 2012. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  76. ^ Weekly World News. Weekly World News. 25 August 1981. p. 15.  
  77. ^ Strodder, Chris; Phillips, Michelle (1 March 2007). The Encyclopedia of Sixties Cool: A Celebration of the Grooviest People, Events, and Artifacts of the 1960s. Santa Monica Press. p. 104.  
  78. ^ Lisanti, Tom (2008). Glamour Girls of Sixties Hollywood: Seventy-five Profiles. McFarland. p. 205.  
  79. ^ Chibnall, Steve (4 July 2003). Get Carter: A British Film Guide. I.B.Tauris. p. 29.  
  80. ^ Biond, Chris. "Fonda memories and the changing face of the sex symbol". Retrieved 3 March 2010. 
  81. ^ From Abba to Zoom
  82. ^ Davey, Steven. Toronto Star (November 25, 1977)
  83. ^ Fontova, Humberto (2007). Exposing the Real Che Guevara: And the Useful Idiots Who Idolize Him. Penguin. 
  84. ^ Girls Like Us
  85. ^ "BBC News – Sir Tom Jones on being a sex symbol". bbc.co.uk. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  86. ^ Simonson, Robert (December 25, 2008). "Eartha Kitt, Exotic Songstress and Actress, Dies at 81". Playbill.com. 
  87. ^ Britton, Wesley Alan (1 January 2006). Onscreen and Undercover: The Ultimate Book of Movie Espionage. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 128.  
  88. ^ Scott, Vernon (May 2, 1980). "Ann-Margret: Sex Symbol Who Stayed". 
  89. ^ Roth, Melissa (25 July 2005). The Left Stuff: How the Left-Handed Have Survived and Thrived in a Right-Handed World. Government Institutes. p. 189.  
  90. ^ a b The New York Times
  91. ^ Rolling Stone
  92. ^ Cotter, Bobb (2010). Ingrid Pitt, Queen of Horror: The Complete Career. McFarland. p. 65.  
  93. ^ Miles, Barry (2009). The British Invasion. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 208.  
  94. ^ The Supremes
  95. ^ "Isabel Sarli - Film Society of Lincoln Center". 2010. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  96. ^ Halliburton, Rachel (18 November 2012). "'"Omar Sharif: 'It is a great film, but I'm not very good in it. London: The Independent. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 
  97. ^ Back to the Garden
  98. ^ "100 Greatest Artists: Tina Turner".  
  99. ^ "Raquel Welch". Cult Sirens. United States. June 2009. Retrieved September 2009. 
  100. ^ Holland, Patricia (26 July 2013). Broadcasting and the NHS in the Thatcherite 1980s: The Challenge to Public Service. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 72.  
  101. ^ New York Magazine
  102. ^ New York Magazine
  103. ^ a b Lisanti, Tom; Paul, Louis (1 January 2002). Film Fatales: Women in Espionage Films and Television, 1962-1973. McFarland. p. 181.  
  104. ^ "Me autoabastezco todo el tiempo" (in Spanish).  
  105. ^ "Catherine Bach News and Trivias at CelebrityWonder.com". Celebritywonder.ugo.com. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  106. ^ Seeling, Charlotte (April 2000). Fashion: the century of the designer 1900-1999. Könemann. p. 449.  
  107. ^ "Jacqueline Bisset".  
  108. ^ a b Rolling Stone Album Guide
  109. ^ New York Magazine
  110. ^ "70s sex symbol Lynda Carter still stunning at 59". 2010-12-08. Retrieved April 11, 2014. 
  111. ^ "Moría Casán también apuntó contra los Kirchner: "Para mí esto es una dictadura real"." (in Spanish). Diario Política. 2009-11-16. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  112. ^ From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. Andrews McMeel Publishing. 1 June 2005. p. 116.  
  113. ^ Marr, Matthew J. (13 November 2012). The Politics of Age and Disability in Contemporary Spanish Film: Plus Ultra Pluralism. Routledge. p. 80.  
  114. ^ Bennetts, Leslie (2009-08-03). "Farrah Fawcett: America's Angel". Vanity Fair (United States). Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  115. ^ "Pam Grier". Cult Sirens. United States. June 2003. Retrieved September 2010. 
  116. ^ Vincentelli, Elisabeth (31 March 2004). Abba's Abba Gold. Continuum. p. 119.  
  117. ^ "The 70 Hottest Women of The '70s". September 6, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2014. 
  118. ^ "Celebrities With Health Issues: An Inside Look at Michael Landon's Battle With Cancer". Answers. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  119. ^ Streisand: The Pictorial Biography
  120. ^ Dudley Moore: The Melancholy Clown
  121. ^ Esquire
  122. ^ "Jack Nicholson no longer 'irresistible' to women". Askmen. 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  123. ^ http://www.vulture.com/2013/06/stevie-nicks-on-life-at-65-with-fleetwood-mac.html
  124. ^ http://tasteofcountry.com/dolly-parton-hottest-women-of-all-time-mens-health/
  125. ^ "Linda Ronstadt Biography". Rolling Stone. Jann Wanner. c. 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  126. ^ "THE EVOLUTION OF SEX SYMBOLS". Retrieved 2012-07-28. 
  127. ^ Crime Television
  128. ^ Mademoiselle
  129. ^ "The 70 Hottest Women of The '70s". September 8, 2012. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  130. ^ Grimes, William (2011-02-03). Last Tango in Paris' Star Maria Schneider Dies"'". NY Times (United States). Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  131. ^ The New York Times
  132. ^ Spin
  133. ^ Texas Music
  134. ^ Cosmopolitan
  135. ^ Bellomo, Mark (15 September 2010). Totally Tubular '80s Toys. Krause Publications. p. 234.  
  136. ^ a b Burns, Tim (2006). Midlife Tune-up: Six Simple Steps. Pelican Publishing. p. 36.  
  137. ^ Vanity Fair
  138. ^ King of the Turkeys
  139. ^ "Cher Quotes: Top 10 Quotes by Cher". 
  140. ^ "Tom Cruise". Askmen. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  141. ^ Palmer, William J. (3 March 2009). The Films of the Nineties: The Decade of Spin. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 203.  
  142. ^ E! Online
  143. ^ a b "'"Mel Gibson is still smokin. Bangor Daily News. 1985-11-25. 
  144. ^ Kate Hakala. "The 50 Greatest Female Sex Symbols in Film History". nerve.com. Retrieved 2014-08-05. 
  145. ^ "Daryl Hannah". Askmen. Retrieved April 7, 2014. 
  146. ^ Rap-Up
  147. ^ Stillwater, Willa (April 2011). "M Poetica: Michael Jackson's Art of Connection and Defiance". p. 367. ...Jackson as an international sex symbol... 
  148. ^ Michael Jackson (26 June 2009). "Michael Jackson: the lovers". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  149. ^ Janowitz, Tama (April 1987). "Sex as a Weapon".  
  150. ^ http://www.theweek.co.uk/people-news/21779/%E2%80%98nastassja-kinski-and-serpent%E2%80%99-auction
  151. ^ Tiempo de hoy (in Spanish). Ediciones Tiempo, S.A. 2005. p. 113. 
  152. ^ "No. 7 Heather Locklear". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  153. ^ Janowitz, Tama (April 1987). "Sex as a Weapon".  
  154. ^ John Dingwall (2006-03-24). "Exclusive: No Place Like Rome". Daily Record. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  155. ^ "El tiempo pasa para todos: así está Axl Rose hoy". tn.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  156. ^ "Alan Rickman". Allmovie.com. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  157. ^ VinCy Thomas. "Ecran Noir – Mickey Rourke". Ecrannoir.fr. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  158. ^ Los Angeles Times
  159. ^ a b "The Forty Sexiest Frontmen in Rock History". nerve.com. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  160. ^ The Washingtonian. Washington Magazine, Incorporated. October 1989. p. 149. 
  161. ^ Peop;e
  162. ^ http://www.famously.com/celebrities/sex-symbols/12-times-john-stamos-proved-hes-the-sexiest-man-alive/
  163. ^ Serena Kappes (2003-01-28). "Former TV sex symbol Heather Thomas is a screenwriter, activist, mom". CNN. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  164. ^ Munt, Sally Rowena (9 March 2004). Murder by the Book?: Feminism and the Crime Novel. Routledge. p. 32.  
  165. ^ Aretha Franklin: The Queen of Soul
  166. ^ Comedy-Horror Films
  167. ^ "Top 7: '90s Sex Symbols". February 6, 2012. 
  168. ^ "Pamela Anderson". msnbc.com. (c)2003. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 
  169. ^ "Jennifer Aniston Named Sexiest Woman of All Time?". Clutch Magazine. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  170. ^ http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/entertainment/shrek-star-antonio-banderas-doesnt-belive-he-is-a-sex-symbol/story-e6frexli-1225874533557
  171. ^ Odd-Shaped Balls
  172. ^ Access Hollywood (2010-05-14). "TV One Access: The Most Legendary Sex Symbols Of All Time!". Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  173. ^ Drum: A Magazine of Africa for Africa. African Drum Publications. December 1997. p. 132. 
  174. ^ a b c d Hillman, Jennifer (27 March 2012). Sexuality and Aging: Clinical Perspectives. Springer. p. 200.  
  175. ^ "Mariah Carey". Askmen. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  176. ^ "The 5: Sex Symbols Who Captivated a Decade". (c)2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  177. ^ "Kevin mata". Winisis On Line (in Spanish). Retrieved March 21, 2014. 
  178. ^ The Advocate
  179. ^ "Leonardo DiCaprio". msnbc.com. (c)2003. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 
  180. ^ Koenig, Ronnie. "Robert Downey Jr.: The Grown-Up Girl's Sex Symbol". Moviefone. Retrieved December 30, 2009. 
  181. ^ "Shannen Doherty pics". AskMen. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  182. ^ People Entertainment Almanax
  183. ^ "The 100 Greatest Sex Symbols". UK: Channel 4. February 13, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  184. ^ "Sarah Michelle Gellar". Ask Men. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  185. ^ "'"Teri Hatcher: 'I'll Always be a Sex Symbol. 11 June 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  186. ^ "Teri Hatcher: Biography". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  187. ^ http://www.nerve.com/entertainment/movies/sex-icons-of-film-women?page=4
  188. ^ Howard, Scripps (18 October 1995). "Sex Symbol Hurley Joins Long Line Of Converts Headed For Catholicism". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  189. ^ Murray, Sonia (1994-02-03), "Janet: The Queen of Pop: Michael could lose his crown to his hot little sister",  
  190. ^ New York Times
  191. ^ "1990: Nicole Kidman est un sex-symbol grâce au succès de Jours de Tonnerre , film dans lequel....." (in French). 23 December 2012. 
  192. ^ Christine Kruttschnitt (2009-05-16). "Hart, härter, Heidi". Stern Magazine. Retrieved 2011-03-24. 
  193. ^ "Actor Val Kilmer looks a shadow of his sex symbol self from the eighties and nineties at Tribeca Film Fesitval". The Daily Telegraph. April 26, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  194. ^ Benarde, Scott R. (2003). Stars of David: Rock'n'roll's Jewish Stories. UPNE. p. 314.  
  195. ^ Maria Raha. Hellions: Pop Culture's Rebel Women. p. 86. 
  196. ^ "Alyssa Milano". AskMen. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  197. ^ FHM October 2004. Bauer Media Group. p. 128. 
  198. ^ "No.3 Jenny McCarthy". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  199. ^ a b Humor. Ediciones de la Urraca S.A. 1995. 
  200. ^ "Brad Pitt". Askmen.com. August 26, 2012. 
  201. ^ The Telegraph
  202. ^ Staff. "Katie Price scared of losing her sex symbol status". STV. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  203. ^ Society, The Cambridge Union. "Jordan as Feminist Icon or Sex Symbol". Fora.tv. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  204. ^ "Portman's sex symbol shock". Askmen. c. 2005. 
  205. ^ "WINM :: Keanu Reeves Articles & Interviews Archive :: Keanu - Reluctant Sex-Symbol?". Whoaisnotme.net. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  206. ^ "Antonio, Party of One". marcusschenkenberg.eu.com. (c)2010. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  207. ^ http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/guide-to-female-sex-symbols-of-the-1990s-featuring-alicia-silverstone-catherine-zeta-jones-cindy-crawford-demi-moore-gillian-anderson-jennifer-aniston-julia-roberts-naomi-campbell-pamela-anderson-sharon-stone-and-uma-thurman-leigh-brighton/1100971864?ean=9781171161578&cm_mmc=AFFILIATES-_-Linkshare-_-TnL5HPStwNw-_-10:1&r=1
  208. ^ "Tupac Shakur". Vibe Ventures. c. 1997. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  209. ^ Mauro, Chris; Hawk, Steve (12 July 2007). The Best of Surfer Magazine. Chronicle Books. p. 218.  
  210. ^ Read, Jacinda (15 December 2000). The New Avengers: Feminism, Feminity and the Rape-Revenge Cycle. Manchester University Press. p. 148.  
  211. ^ Adventures on the High Teas
  212. ^ Framing Borders in Literature
  213. ^ "Goran Visnjic". Hollywood Stock Exchange. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  214. ^ Capet, Antoine; Sy-Wonyu, Aïssatou (2003). The "special Relationship": La "relation Spéciale" Entre Le Royaume-Uni Et Les Etats-Unis : Actes Du Colloque Organisé À L'université de Rouen Les 8 Et 9 Novembre 2002. Publication Univ Rouen Havre. p. 177.  
  215. ^ "Jessica Alba on Motherhood, Turning 30, and Her Sex Symbol Status".  
  216. ^ "Beyoncé". Askmen. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  217. ^ "Eminem". Askmen. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  218. ^ "Pink". Askmen. c. 2008. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  219. ^ Powers, Ann (March 7, 2007). "Props mistress". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  220. ^ "19. Christina Aguilera". 5 March 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  221. ^ Sanneh, Kelefa (8 September 2002). "Idol Returns; Her Image Remade".  
  222. ^ a b c Huffington Post
  223. ^ "Christian Bale sick of sex symbol status". Thaiindian.com (Thailand). 2009. Retrieved 2009. 
  224. ^ Romanian Times (2009-11-13). "Italian Sex Symbol Monica Bellucci to star in movie in Bucharest". Retrieved 2010-10-20. 
  225. ^ Washington Post
  226. ^ "Hollywood Sex Icon Jessica Biel". dalje.com. Retrieved August 28, 2007. 
  227. ^ http://www.theorlandobloomfiles.com/articles/tvhits03feb.html
  228. ^ "Adam Brody". Chicago Tribune. 
  229. ^ "Brooke Burke-Charvet". International Design Times. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  230. ^ Brit Cult
  231. ^ "Evening Express – Article – Cheryl Cole not comfortable with 'sex symbol' label". eveningexpress.co.uk. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  232. ^ The Advocate
  233. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The Daily Beast
  234. ^ Street, Sarah (2009). British National Cinema. Taylor & Francis. p. 184.  
  235. ^ Gottschall, Jonathan; Wilson, David Sloan (26 December 2005). The Literary Animal: Evolution and the Nature of Narrative. Northwestern University Press. p. 247.  
  236. ^ "Kaley Cuoco". AskMen. 
  237. ^ a b c d e f Seven unlikely sex symbols for ’07
  238. ^ Doug Elfman (July 6, 2009). "Homeless days helped shape Carmen Electra". Las Vegas Review Journal. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  239. ^ Leo De Frank (November 14, 2002). "Carmen Electra dabbles in diplomacy and thoughts of motherhood". Scripps Howard Foundation Wire. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  240. ^ "The 100 Sexiest Movie Stars 2013". Empire. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  241. ^ a b My Year of Flops
  242. ^ Chris Lee (September 23, 2009). "Megan Fox: Hollywood's outrageous it girl". Los Angeles Time. Retrieved June 1, 2011. a sex symbol of the highest order 
  243. ^ What's Lady Gaga's Secret to her Sex Appeal?. CBS-Local. April 15, 2010. 
  244. ^ "Joseph Gordon-Levitt". Askmen.com. 
  245. ^ People
  246. ^ The Scotsman
  247. ^ Furness, Deborra-Lee (December 9, 2012). "Being married to a sex symbol". CBS. 
  248. ^ Feeling Italian
  249. ^ "'"Jolie named 'sexiest person ever. London: BBC News. 2007-02-24. Retrieved 2007-02-24. 
  250. ^ "Can today's sex symbols actually act?". Virgin Media. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  251. ^ "Hugh Laurie Biography". TV Guide. 
  252. ^ The Advocate
  253. ^ "Jennifer Lopez". Askmen. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  254. ^ McKay, Hollie (26 March 2009). "Tony Parker 'Over' Eva Longoria's Sex Symbol Status". Fox News. Retrieved March 26, 2009. 
  255. ^ MovieMaker
  256. ^ Village Voice
  257. ^ "Eva Mendes uses her sex-symbol status to secure film roles". 12 November 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  258. ^ "Eva Mendes 'loves' sex symbol status". 4 October 2008. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  259. ^ Lottie Anderson (31 October 2002). "Sing out sister". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  260. ^ Baker, William; Minogue, Kylie (2002).  
  261. ^ The Redheaded Handbook
  262. ^ George, Kat (May 24, 2014). "Does Madonna Need Katy Perry More Than Katy Perry Needs Madonna?".  
  263. ^ Baltimore Sun
  264. ^ Daniel Radcliffe: No Ordinary Wizard
  265. ^ Rolling Stone
  266. ^ Otago Daily Times
  267. ^ "Rihanna "Uncomfortable" Being A Sex Symbol". MTV. 2011-03-21. 
  268. ^ Watching Babylon
  269. ^ New York Times
  270. ^ Rolling Stone
  271. ^ "Jessica Simpson: Do Her Curves Make Her More Relatable? | E! Online UK". Eonline.com. 2011-11-02. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  272. ^ "Spears Baffled By Sex Symbol Status". Contactmusic. 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  273. ^ "The big Teese - Dita Von Teese interview". The Scotsman. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  274. ^ "I'm really good at one thing, and I know what that is. I'm really good at creating the illusion". Sunday Herald. 12 May 2006. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  275. ^ McKay, Hollie (2011-07-20). "Star Sofia Vergara 'Loves' Her Sex Symbol Status". Fox News. Retrieved 2011-07-20. 
  276. ^ "Watson's unease at sex symbol label". South Wales Evening Post Site Directory. July 10, 2009. 
  277. ^ Los Angeles Magazine
  278. ^ http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/the-hot-button/men-also-dont-like-being-objectified-just-ask-dangelo/article4209849/
  279. ^ http://jezebel.com/5913250/dangelo-learns-how-it-feels-to-be-objectified-and-it-doesnt-feel-good
  280. ^ "Lake Bell Interview". Askmen.com. c. 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2014. 
  281. ^ "Interview: ‘How To Make It in America’s Lake Bell". Comcast. April 4, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2014. 
  282. ^ "Body of Work: Lake Bell". Comcast. May 15, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2014. 
  283. ^ Rolling Stone
  284. ^ People
  285. ^ William Arruda (September 5, 2013). "Miley Cyrus: Revolutionary Branding".  
  286. ^ "Olympics 2012: British Diver Tom Daley Goes From Bullying Victim to Sex Symbol". sbnation.com. July 10, 2012. 
  287. ^ "The Creation of Lana Del Rey". critic.co.nz. March 11, 2012. 
  288. ^ Alyssa Caverley (July 19, 2011). "Captain America's Chris Evans On His Sex Symbol Status". Retrieved October 24, 2013. 
  289. ^ Alison De Souza (January 11, 2013). "Ryan Gosling, a reluctant sex symbol?". Retrieved May 5, 2013. 
  290. ^ "Amber Heard, sex symbol et femme fatale confirmée". Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  291. ^ "Chris Hemsworth Says Kristen Teased Him for Being A Sex Symbol". Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  292. ^ "Hunger Games: Liam Hemsworth claims he's not a sex symbol! Erm, is he blind?". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  293. ^ "Christina Hendricks Loves Being a Sex Symbol". Retrieved 23 September 2012. 
  294. ^ "Tom Hiddleston The New Sex Symbol?". Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  295. ^ "Scarlett Johansson Is ‘Tired’ Of Being A Sex Symbol, Here’s Why". Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  296. ^ http://www.foxnews.com/story/2008/06/10/pop-tarts-kim-kardashian-loves-being-sex-symbol-allows-peek-at-cellulite/. 
  297. ^ Rolling Stone
  298. ^ "Mila Kunis". Askmen.com. 
  299. ^ Amy Duncan (March 7, 2013). "Jennifer Lawrence: Being a sex symbol makes me feel queasy". 
  300. ^ The New York Times
  301. ^ Flitsch, Byron (November 15, 2012). "Can Someone Tell Us What Bruno Mars Is Doing In This Photo?". MTV Buzzworthy. Viacom. Retrieved March 26, 2014. 
  302. ^ "It's Pretty Flattering"Joe Manganiello on Being a Sex Symbol: . Retrieved 23 September 2012. 
  303. ^ The New York Times
  304. ^ Morgan Brennan (2010-07-09). "Marisa Miller: Supermodel Turned Super-Brand". Forbes. Retrieved 2010-09-10. 
  305. ^ "Ryan Reynolds:Being a sex symbol is embarrassing". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  306. ^ "Soccer sex symbol Cristano Ronaldo's mounting worth". daily.bhaskar.com. December 22, 2013. 
  307. ^ Pace, Robert. "Tatum's Early Thoughts on Sex Symbol". ETonline.com. Retrieved April 30, 2013. 
  308. ^ "Aaron Taylor-Johnson, a sex symbol all set and family". iodonna.it. May 14, 2014. 
  309. ^ "Shirtless Tebow is Jockey sex symbol". USA Today. 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  310. ^ "The Story of Kate Upton". therichest.com. February 18, 2013. 
  311. ^ Betty Boop – Boop Oop a Doop (1986) from Rotten Tomatoes
  312. ^ "Amanda Knox Is Like Jessica Rabbit".  
  313. ^ Barboza, David (19 January 1998). "Video World Is Smitten by a Gun-Toting, Tomb-Raiding Sex Symbol".  
  314. ^ "Channel 4 Top 100 Sex Symbols internet poll". Channel4.com. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  315. ^ "Boom Raider". London: Telegraph. Retrieved March 5, 2008. 
  316. ^ "Playboy"Lara saved from . BBC. July 15, 1999. 
  317. ^ "AT's Top 10 Video Game Chicks". Actiontrip. Retrieved December 2, 2007. 
  318. ^ Guinness World Records, Gamers Edition 2008. 2008. p. 81.