Soyuz TM-10

Soyuz TM-10

Soyuz TM-10
Mission duration 130 days, 20 hours, 35 minutes, 51 seconds
Orbits completed ~2,125
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-TM
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)
Crew size 2 up
3 down
Members Gennadi Manakov
Gennady Strekalov
Landing Toyohiro Akiyama
Callsign Вулка́н (Vulkan - Volcano)
Start of mission
Launch date August 1, 1990, 09:32:21 (1990-08-01T09:32:21Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U2
End of mission
Landing date Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. UTC
Landing site 69 kilometres (43 mi) NW of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 198 kilometres (123 mi)
Apogee 219 kilometres (136 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.7 minutes
Docking with Mir

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz TM-9 Soyuz TM-11

The Soyuz-TM crew transports (T - транспортный - Transportnyi - meaning transport, M - модифицированный - Modifitsirovannyi - meaning modified) were fourth generation (1986–2002) Soyuz spacecraft used for ferry flights to the Mir and ISS space stations. It added to the Soyuz-T new docking and rendezvous, radio communications, emergency and integrated parachute/landing engine systems. The new Kurs rendezvous and docking system permitted the Soyuz-TM to maneuver independently of the station, without the station making "mirror image" maneuvers to match unwanted translations introduced by earlier models' aft-mounted attitude control.

Soyuz TM-10 was the tenth expedition to the Russian Space Station Mir.[1]


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander  Gennadi Manakov
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer  Gennady Strekalov
Fourth spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut None  Toyohiro Akiyama (Reporter)
First spaceflight

Mission highlights

Side of the Soyuz TM-10 where it was signed by all its passengers. The inscription in Japanese reads Toyohiro Akiyama (秋山豊寛).

TM-10 marked the return to earth of Japanese reporter Toyohiro Akiyama.

The Soyuz arrived at Mir's aft port with four passengers: quail for cages in Kvant-2. A quail had laid an egg en route to the station. It was returned to Earth, along with 130 kg of experiment results and industrial products, in Soyuz TM-9. The spacecraft landed without incident.

It spent 131 days attached to Mir. A camera was installed in the descent module as part of the agreement with Akiyama’s network to film the reactions of the returning cosmonauts.


  1. ^ The mission report is available here: