Sri Chinmoy

Sri Chinmoy

Sri Chinmoy
Born (1931-08-27)27 August 1931
Shakpura Village, Chittagong District, East Bengal, British India (now Bangladesh)
Died 11 October 2007(2007-10-11) (aged 76)
New York City
Resting place Queens, New York
Nationality Indian
Religion The founder of the spiritual organisation "Sri Chinmoy Centre"
Signature

Chinmoy Kumar Ghose, better known as

  • SriChinmoy.org
  • SriChinmoyLibrary.com
  • SriChinmoyPages.org
  • Obituary of Sri Chinmoy at The Independent
  • Obituary of Sri Chinmoy at The Guardian

External links

  1. ^ Sands 2001, According to legal papers signed in November 2006, his name is Chinmoy Kumar Ghose aka Sri Chinmoy. Sri Chinmoy is the name under which the guru has taught, published, composed and performed since approximately 1972. (See front and back matter of referenced works.) He was previously known as Chinmoy Kumar Ghose (e.g. "Many at U.N." New York Times 8 November 1971: 42). He signed most of his paintings and drawings C.K.G. ("C.K.G." Jharna-Kala Magazine 1.1 (April –June 1977): 1).
  2. ^ a b Hinduism Today December 1997, pp.34–35.
  3. ^ a b McShane, Larry. "Charismatic guru Sri Chinmoy dies in NYC". USA Today. 12 October 2007.
  4. ^ a b Olmsted, Larry. Getting into Guinness: One Man's Longest, Fastest, Highest Journey Inside the World's Most Famous Record Book. HarperCollins, 2008. pp. 6–8.
  5. ^ a b Greenberg, Keith, "Sri You Later," The Village Voice, 6 November 2007, accessed 28 May 2011
  6. ^ a b c d e
  7. ^ a b Dua 2005, p.66
  8. ^ Dua 2005, pp. 18, 22 and Chinmoy, My Brother Chitta 1998, p. 58.
  9. ^ Chinmoy, My Brother 1998, pp. 60, 65.
  10. ^ Chinmoy, Sri Chinmoy Answers, Part 23 2000, p. 28 and Chinmoy, How Nolini-da 2004, pp. 6–7.
  11. ^ Chinmoy, Sri Chinmoy Answers, Part 23, Agni, New York, 2000, p. 28
  12. ^ Chinmoy, Sri Chinmoy Answers, Part 23, Agni, New York, 2000, p. 48
  13. ^ Chinmoy, Sri Chinmoy Answers, Part 23 2000, p. 28.
  14. ^ Chinmoy, Sri Chinmoy Answers, Part 23 2000, pp. 40–50
  15. ^ a b
  16. ^ a b
  17. ^ Weinstein, Norman. Carlos Santana: A Biography, Greenwood, California, 2009, pp.49–62
  18. ^ Stump, Paul. Go Ahead John: The Music of John McLaughlin (p. 92). ISBN 0-946719-24-1, ISBN 978-0-946719-24-2
  19. ^ a b Heath, Chris. "The Epic Life of Carlos Santana". Rolling Stone. 16 March 2000. Retrieved on 10 August 2008.
  20. ^ Santana, Deborah. Space Between the Stars: My Journey to an Open Heart. Random House, 2009. p. 241.
  21. ^ "Carl Lewis Receives U Thant Peace Award". The New York Beacon. 11 June 1997.
  22. ^
  23. ^ Lewis, Carl with Marx, Jeffrey. Inside Track: My professional life in amateur track and field, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1990, pp.56–61.
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^ Greenfield, Robert. Spiritual Supermarket: An Account of Gurus Gone Public in America. Saturday Review Press, 1975. p. 203.
  27. ^ Chinmoy, Sri Chinmoy Answers, Part 23, Agni, New York, 2000, p.50
  28. ^ Chinmoy, Sri. "Limitation", university lecture in: The Oneness of the Eastern Heart and the Western Mind, Part 1]. Agni Press, 2003.
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^ Harley, Gail M., Hindu and Sikh Faiths in America. Infobase Publishing, 1 January 2009. p. 90.
  32. ^ Melton, J. Gordon and Martin Baumann (eds). Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices. ABC, 2002. p. 1216.
  33. ^ Chinmoy, Sri. The Wisdom of Sri Chinmoy. Motilal Banarsidass Pub., 2003. pp. 74–75.
  34. ^ Chinmoy, Sri. "The Quintessence of Mysticism". SriChinmoy.org.
  35. ^ Chinmoy, Sri. "Spirituality And Satisfaction". In: My Maple Tree. Agni Press, 1974.
  36. ^ Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects. Doubleday, 1994. p. 67.
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^ Forbes: Under The Thumb Of Cult Leader Sri Chinmoy
  42. ^ "Sri Chinmoy Nominated to Receive the Nobel Peace Prize 51 Icelandic MPs sign a nomination to the Nobel Committee". Marketwire. 26 September 2007.
  43. ^ "For the Sake of Peace: Former President of Parliament of Iceland Speaks About Sri Chinmoy". Marketwire. 29 September 2007.
  44. ^ "Sri Chinmoy Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize 2007 by Canadian Professor". Marketwire. 18 September 2007.
  45. ^ "Charles University of Prague: Sri Chinmoy Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by Czech Professors". Marketwire. 30 September 2007.
  46. ^ Kononenko, Igor & Irena Roglic.Teachers of Wisdom. RoseDog Books, 2010. p. 358.
  47. ^
  48. ^ Chinmoy, Sri. "Devotion". In: Eternity's Breath. Agni Press, 1972.
  49. ^ a b c Chinmoy, Sri. "Love, devotion and surrender". In: My rose petals, part 1. Agni Press, 1971.
  50. ^ Chinmoy, Sri. "Love Divine". SriChinmoy.org.
  51. ^ Chinmoy, Sri. "Question: Do you have a particular meditation technique?". In: Canada Aspires, Canada Receives, Canada Achieves Part 2. Agni Press, 1974.
  52. ^ Bennett, Vidagdha Meredith. Simplicity and Power: The Poetry of Sri Chinmoy, 1971-1981. Aum Publications, 1991. p. 96.
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^ Kubacki, "An 868-kilometre ‘Spiritual Journey’" Ottawa Citizen 2006.
  56. ^
  57. ^ "Sri Chinmoy Writes" People Weekly 1976: 50; Knox (ed.), Religion and Public Policy Religion Counts 2002, p. 30.
  58. ^ 1989, pp 222–224Chinmoy, Meditation: Man-Perfection in God-Satisfaction,
  59. ^ 1989, pp 145–163Meditation: Man-Perfection in God-SatisfactionChinmoy, ,
  60. ^ Chinmoy, The Outer Running and the Inner Running 1986, pp 140,153
  61. ^ Hinnells 1991, p. 80.
  62. ^
  63. ^
  64. ^ 'UN pays tribute to spiritual guru Sri Chinmoy' accessed May 2011
  65. ^
  66. ^ Chinmoy, World-Destruction: Never, Impossible! Part 1, Agni Press, accessed May 20111994.
  67. ^
  68. ^ Sri Chinmoy Opens the Parliament of World’s Religions accessed May 2011
  69. ^ Sri Chinmoy, I Bow To the Soul of the Parliament of Religions Barcelona 2004, p5, New York: Agni Press, 2005.
  70. ^
  71. ^
  72. ^ Alexandra Shaw: 70,000 Soul-Bird-Flights by Sri Chinmoy. US- Magazine Manhattan Arts, September -October 1993, S.25.
  73. ^
  74. ^ Sri Chinmoy Songs
  75. ^ Radio Sri Chinmoy
  76. ^
  77. ^
  78. ^ Rattapallax Press organized Dialogue Among Civilizations Through Poetry in 2001. accessed 28 May 2010
  79. ^ Dialogue Among Civilizations Through Poetry Accessed 28 May 2010
  80. ^
  81. ^ Sri Chinmoy, foreword by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, The Jewels of Happiness 2010, Watkins Publishing, ISBN 1906787972
  82. ^ Bennett, Ultrarunning April 1987: 23–25.
  83. ^
  84. ^
  85. ^
  86. ^ See, for example:
  87. ^
  88. ^
  89. ^ Pearl, Bill Beyond The Universe: The Bill Pearl Story 2003, p192
  90. ^ New Zealand Fitness, February/March 2006 issue (No.77)
  91. ^ Lifting up the World at Sri Chinmoy.org
  92. ^
  93. ^
  94. ^
  95. ^
  96. ^ Pearl, Bill. Beyond the Universe: Bill Pearl 2003, p192
  97. ^ Daily News, Sri Lanka. 10 January 1990.
  98. ^ The Philadelphia Inquirer. 31 October 1994.
  99. ^ "Northwest Runner". December 1996
  100. ^
  101. ^
  102. ^ Nova Makedonija. 9 July 2001.
  103. ^ Macedonia Denes. 10 July 2001.
  104. ^ Voice of Vietnam News. 16 November 2004.
  105. ^ Vietnam News Agency. 15 November 2004.
  106. ^ "Sri Chinmoy Honored" News Release. International University [Cambodia] 7 September 2005.
  107. ^
  108. ^
  109. ^

Notes

See also

  • (1973) Sri Ramachandra – My Rama is My All – A play on the life of Sri Ramachandra
  • (1973) The Singer of the Eternal Beyond – A play on the life of Sri Krishna
  • (1973) Siddhartha Becomes The Buddha – A Play on the life of Lord Buddha
  • (1973) The Son – A play on the life of Jesus Christ
  • (1973) Lord Gauranga: Love Incarnate – A Play on the life of Sri Chaitanya
  • (1973) Drink, Drink, My Mother's Nectar – A play on the life of Sri Ramakrishna
  • (1973) The Heart of a Holy Man – various plays on spiritual figures
  • (1973) Supreme Sacrifice – a book of spiritual plays
  • (1974) The Descent of the Blue – A play about the life of Sri Aurobindo

Plays

  • (1979–1983) Ten Thousand Flower-Flames – Agni Press (100 volumes)
  • (1983–1998) Twenty-Seven Thousand Aspiration-Plants – Agni Press (270 volumes)
  • (1998–2007) Seventy-Seven Thousand Service-Trees – Agni Press (50 volumes... unfinished)
  • (1973) The Dance of Life
  • (1974) The Wings of Light
  • (2000–2007) My Christmas-New Year-Vacation-Aspiration-Prayers (51 volumes)

Poetry

  • (1994) Jardin Del Alma[109] – Editorial Sirio, S.A.
(Spanish)
  • (1974) Yoga and the Spiritual Life – Aum Publications
  • (1974) The Inner Promise: Paths to Self Perfection – Wildwood House
  • (1975) Astrology, the Supernatural and the Beyond – Aum Publications
  • (1977) Everest Aspiration – Aum Publications
  • (1977) The Soul's Evolution - Agni Press (ISBN 0-88497-396-4)
  • (1984) The Summits of God-Life: Samadhi and Siddhi – Aum Publications
  • (1986) A Child's Heart and a Child's Dreams – Aum Publications
  • (1989) Meditation: Man-Perfection in God-Satisfaction – Aum Publications
  • (1990) On Wings of Silver Dreams – Aum Publications
  • (1992) Kundalini: The Mother-Power – Aum Publications
  • (1994) Garden of the Soul – Health Communications Inc.
  • (1994) My Life's Soul-Journey – Aum Publications
  • (1997) God Is... – Aum Publications
  • (1997) Wings of Joy – Simon and Schuster
  • (2000) Wisdom of Sri Chinmoy[108] – Motilal Banarsidass Publ.
  • (2007) Power Within: Secrets of Spirituality and Ocultism – Guru Noka Publications
  • (2007) Heart-Garden – New Holland Publishing
  • (2009) A Selection of Songs composed by Sri Chinmoy, Vol. 1 - Sri Chinmoy Center

Bibliography

  • 2012 Class of Honorees, International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame, including honouring the Sri Chinmoy Marathon Team with swimming the English Channel 38 times.[107]
  • Honorary Doctorate of Humanities in Peace Studies presented by the Science Council committee of Cambodia's International University in a unanimous decision in 2005.[106]
  • Medal of Honor For the Cause of Peace and Friendship Among Nations presented by Vietnamese Ambassador to the United Nations Le Luong Minh in 2004.[104][105]
  • Mother Teresa Award presented by President of the Republic of Macedonia Boris Trajkovski in 2001.[102][103]
  • Pilgrim of Peace prize from the 'International Center of Assisi for Peace among Peoples' in 1998.[101]
  • Hindu of the Year (1997) and Hindu Renaissance Award presented by the international magazine ‘Hinduism Today’ in 1997, honouring him for teaching a yoga which combines aspects of ancient Hinduism in a modern setting.[100]
  • Fred Lebow Award, in the name of the founder of the New York City Marathon, presented by NYC Marathon Director Allan Steinfeld and Umberto Silvestri, President of the Rome Marathon in 1996.[99]
  • Mahatma Gandhi Universal Harmony Award received jointly with Martin Luther King’s wife Coretta Scott King, from the American branch of the Indian cultural institute Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan in 1994.[98]
  • Visva Sama Duta, meaning "Ambassador of Universal Peace", title conferred by the Asgiriya Order of Buddhist Monks in 1990. The first non-Buddhist in Sri Lankan history to receive such an honorary degree.[97]

A summary of award highlights includes:

Awards

In 1991, Terry Todd, a professor of kinesiology at the University of Texas concluded that Chinmoy misrepresented the type of lift he claimed to have completed.[95] After criticism over the type of lifting, Bill Pearl volunteered to edit future articles on Chinmoy's lifting events to make sure the lifts were described in more accurate terminology.[96]

In April 2011, a documentary film about Chinmoy's weightlifting titled Challenging Impossibility was featured at the Tribeca Film Festival.[94]

In a program created in 1998 known as 'Lifting up the world with a Oneness Heart', Chinmoy lifted people of inspiration while they stood on a platform overhead. Chinmoy described his motivation: 'I lift them up to show my appreciation for their achievements,'[91] Among some of the 7000 people he lifted include: Nelson Mandela,[92] Desmond Tutu, Muhammad Ali, Sting, Eddie Murphy, Susan Sarandon, Roberta Flack, Yoko Ono, Jeff Goldblum, Richard Gere[15] and Helen Hunt.[93]

If I can inspire anybody in this world, then I feel that my life is meaningful. With my weightlifting, I am offering my physical strength to inspire people.[90]

Chinmoy began weightlifting in 1985, at the age of 54. Bill Pearl, former Mr. Universe, acted as Master of Ceremonies at many of Chinmoy's strength exhibitions. Introducing one of Chinmoy's weightlifting exhibitions in 1999, Bill Pearl wrote: "Today you are going to see some amazing feats of strength that I myself – and I have been in the industry for fifty-five years – would not even attempt to perform."[89] Chinmoy said his motivation for lifting was to inspire others, especially those of an older generation.

Chinmoy demonstrates a 2200lb Calf Lift, observed by Master of Ceremonies Bill Pearl, 5-time Mr. Universe, at a public exhibition in 2004.

Weightlifting

Other programs founded by Chinmoy include the Self-Transcendence 6- & 10-day Race and the Self-Transcendence 3100 Mile Race, described by the New York Times as the "Mount Everest of ultramarathons".[88]

Many of Chinmoy’s followers run daily for health and physical fitness. Chinmoy himself continued to enter races until his 60s when a knee injury hampered his ability to run; afterwards he turned his attention to tennis and weightlifting.[87]

In 1985 Chinmoy, with the then Mayor of Oxford, inaugurated the first "Sri Chinmoy Peace Mile", which is a measured mile in Cutteslowe Park, Oxford giving joggers something against which to measure their progress.[85] There are now numerous "Peace Miles" around the world.[86]

In 1977 the Sri Chinmoy Marathon Team was founded, which holds running, swimming, and cycling events worldwide, from fun runs to ultramarathons.[82] Its precursor was the 1976 Liberty Torch Run, a relay in which 33 runners marked America’s bicentennial by covering 8,800 miles in 7 weeks, mapped out over 50 states.[83] This concept was expanded in 1987 to become the Sri Chinmoy Oneness-Home Peace Run (from 2005 to 2013 with the name World Harmony Run),[84] generally held every two years. The first Peace Run was launched in April 1987 at the World Trade Center in New York City.[16]

Running

Athleticism

Chinmoy's inspirational writing has been praised by many, including Archbishop Desmond Tutu, who wrote: "These sweet gems of wisdom written by my dear friend Sri Chinmoy are timeless truths full of encouragement, love and goodness...These chapters fill us with indomitable hope and enthusiasm for life."[81]

Chinmoy claimed to have written over 120,000 poems[77] though many of these poems are actually short aphorisms. In 2001, Chinmoy recited his poetry at the United Nations[78] as part of a UN sponsored event of promoting Dialogue Among Civilizations Through Poetry.[79] On 11 September 2010, three of Chinmoy's poems on hope were recited by New York Governor David Paterson[80] at a ceremony to mark the ninth anniversary of 9/11.

Poetry

Chinmoy also gave hundreds of free peace concerts in notable venues around the world, including London’s Royal Albert Hall, New York’s Lincoln Center and Carnegie Hall, Tokyo’s Nippon Budokan, the Louvre in Paris, and the Sydney Opera House[6]

According to his followers, Chinmoy composed thousands of short musical compositions, written with lyrics primarily in Bengali and English.[6] Many of these have been published online under a Creative Commons license at Sri Chinmoy Songs (lyrics and sheet music)[74] and Radio Sri Chinmoy (audio).[75] He released two albums in Jamaica on the Studio One subsidiary label Port-O-Jam.[76] In 1976, Chinmoy released a meditative album on Folkways Records entitled Music for Meditation.

Music

Chinmoy began painting in 1974 during a visit to Ottawa, Canada. His abstract paintings are a mixture of acrylics and pen drawings. His free form bird paintings and drawings were titled 'soul birds'. His art has been displayed in the Louvre in Paris, the UNESCO offices in Paris, London's Victoria and Albert Museum, the Mall Gallery in London, the Museum of Modern Art in St. Petersburg, John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, and the United Nations Headquarters.[71][72][73]

Jharna Kala Painting by Chinmoy

Art

Chinmoy said that although he was brought up in the Hindu tradition, he felt that his only religion was the 'Love of God'.[70]

During my Opening Meditation I am praying for the oneness of all religions.[69]

Chinmoy’s efforts to promote inter-faith harmony resulted in him being invited to open the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago (1993)[67] and Barcelona (2004)[68] with a silent meditation. During the 2004 Opening Meditation, Chinmoy said:

True religion has a universal quality. It does not find fault with other religions. [...] Forgiveness, compassion, tolerance, brotherhood and the feeling of oneness are the signs of a true religion.[66]

An integral part of Chinmoy's teaching is the respect for other paths and religions. Chinmoy wrote:

Chinmoy giving opening meditation at the Parliament of World Religions, Chicago, 1993

Interfaith

In a letter to Sri Chinmoy in April 1972, my father wrote, 'You have indeed instilled in the minds of hundreds of people here the moral and spiritual values which both of us cherish very dearly. I shall always cherish the memorable occasion of our meetings at the United Nations." [ … ] I feel fortunate to have known Sri Chinmoy and to have been in his presence many times, and to have known many members of the Group.[65]

After directing the peace meditations, which had been attended by many UN employees and diplomats, for 37 years, more than 700 UN staff, ambassadors, members of the American Congress, and representatives of various religions, paid tributes to Chinmoy following his death during a posthumous celebration at the UN headquarters in New York.[64] During the ceremony at the UN, Daw Aye Aye Thant, the daughter of former UN Secretary-General U Thant, said in her speech:

The ideas of the United Nations are universal peace and universal brotherhood, and the ideals of the United Nations are a oneness-world-family and a oneness-heart.[63]

In April 1970, Chinmoy began giving twice-weekly meditations for UN delegates, staff and representatives of NGOs as the director of the meditation group called "Sri Chinmoy: Peace Meditations at the United Nations" in New York.[62]

United Nations

Chinmoy recommended meditation during the quiet atmosphere of the early morning, before starting daily activities. As the traditional Hour of God, between three and four a.m., known as the Brahma Muhurta, may not suit the western lifestyle of keeping late hours, Chinmoy requested that his disciples meditate at six a.m. every morning. Reading Chinmoy's writings, singing his songs and performing dedicated service were also considered forms of meditation for his disciples.[59] Chinmoy believed that running and physical fitness were a help to the inner spiritual life as well as to the outer life of activity, and encouraged his followers to run daily.[60] Although influenced by Hinduism, his path catered to an international community of seekers from diverse backgrounds.[61]

At bi-weekly formal meditations, the men wear white clothing, while the women wear colourful Indian saris.[57] The focus of meditation at these meetings is a black-and-white copy of a photograph of Chinmoy taken in 1967 while he was in what he described as a transcendental state of consciousness. It was sometimes referred to by Ghose and his disciples as "The Transcendental Picture" or "The Transcendental Photograph", but more often simply as "The Transcendental". Chinmoy advised his disciples when meditating on his picture to feel that they are entering into their own highest part, that the picture does not represent a human being, but a state of consciousness.[58]

Meditation

He asked his disciples to adopt a vegetarian diet, abstain from recreational drugs including alcohol,[55] and lead a pure and celibate lifestyle.[2][56]

Chinmoy taught that rapid spiritual progress could be made with divine love, divine devotion,[48] and divine surrender.[49][50][51] He described divine love as self-offering and self-expansion.[49][49][52] His path was not one of earthly renunciation or asceticism, but a middle path where the seeker has the opportunity to renounce, or transform, the negative qualities which stand in the way of union with the Divine. Chinmoy taught that meditation on the heart brings the light of the soul forward to reach the highest reality as soon as possible.[53] Chinmoy stated: "We are all seekers, and our goal is the same: to achieve inner peace, light and joy, to become inseparably one with our Source, and to lead lives full of true satisfaction."[54]

Teachings

Chinmoy died from a heart attack while at his home in Jamaica, Queens, New York on 11 October 2007. Mikhail Gorbachev wrote that his death was "a loss for the whole world" and that "in our hearts, he will forever remain a man who dedicated his whole life to peace."[6]

In 2007, Chinmoy was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by 51 Icelandic members of Parliament,[42][43] a Canadian professor,[44] and a number of Czech professors.[45] Over the years Chinmoy had ongoing friendships with Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Mother Teresa, and Desmond Tutu.[46][47]

[41] According to the book, Chinmoy banned sex, and most disciples were directed to remain single. The book also states that the guru disparaged secular education, and his prohibitions included the consumption of alcohol, caffeine, and meat; dancing; dating; socializing with outsiders; and owning pets, although he kept a collection of exotic pets in his Queens basement.[40][39] From the mid-1960s he lived among hundreds of his followers in [4] Until his death in late 2007, Chinmoy was the spiritual leader to thousands of devoted followers worldwide.

Chinmoy with Mikhail Gorbachev

Chinmoy travelled widely, and dedicated his many activities and the events he founded to peace. He met with world figures, and was often described as an ambassador of peace. He did not charge fees for his spiritual guidance or music performances. He was respectful towards all religions and religious figures of the world.[31] He attracted an estimated 7,000 students in his lifetime.[5] His path was a contemporary spiritual system of yoga, practised under the guidance of a guru, or spiritual teacher.[32][33] Unlike in some other older traditions, Chinmoy taught that a complete withdrawal from the world was not necessary for spiritual progress, but rather "a gradual and total Illumination of life".[34][35]

Chinmoy opened up meditation centers and gave music concerts around the world, and many of his talks and writings were published.[27] Chinmoy advocated "self-transcendence" by expanding one's consciousness to conquer the mind's perceived limitations.[28] According to the team's website, members of the Sri Chinmoy Marathon Team have swum the English Channel over 40 times.[29] Other feats include ultra-distance running, including the Self-Transcendence 3100 Mile Race; mountain climbing; and long-distance cycling. In 2010 Ashrita Furman, who holds over 150 Guinness World Records, stated that "the meditation he learned from Sri Chinmoy helps him to perform beyond his expectations."[30]

Olympic gold-medalist runner Carl Lewis was also advised by Chinmoy.[21][22] He learned to meditate from Chinmoy, and practices the techniques regularly. A devoted Christian, Lewis stated that his involvement with Chinmoy was a step forward to spiritual fulfillment which strengthened his Christian beliefs.[23] In 2011 Lewis appeared in the short documentary Challenging Impossibility, which features the feats of strength demonstrated by Chinmoy.[24] Frederick Lenz became a follower around 1972, but in 1981 he broke with Chinmoy and became a guru on his own.[25] Spiritual author Lex Hixon was a member of the Sri Chinmoy Centre in the 1970s.[26]

Chinmoy and John Paul II in Vatican, 1980

Santana and McLaughlin stayed with Chinmoy for a number of years before leaving.[18] In 1973 they released an album based on Chinmoy's teachings, titled Love Devotion Surrender. McLaughlin was a Chinmoy follower from 1970 to 1975. In 1971 he formed the Mahavishnu Orchestra, named for the spiritual name Chinmoy had given him. Santana was introduced to the guru when McLaughlin took him to one of Chinmoy's weekly prayer meetings at the United Nations. Santana and his wife Deborah were Chinmoy followers from 1972 to 1981, and Santana said, "Without a guru I serve only my own vanity, but with him I can be of service to you and everybody. I am the strings, but he is the musician. Guru has graduated from the Harvards of consciousness and sits at the feet of God."[19] Santana released three albums under the spiritual name Devadip – meaning "Lamp of God", "Eve of God", and "Light of God"[20] – that Chinmoy gave him: Illuminations (1974), Oneness (1979), and The Swing of Delight (1980). In 2000, he told Rolling Stone that things soured between him and Chinmoy in the 1980s. Santana emphasized that he took much that was good from his years with the guru, even though when he left, Chinmoy "was pretty vindictive for a while. He told all my friends not to call me ever again, because I was to drown in the dark sea of ignorance for leaving him."[19]

While in America in the 1970s, Chinmoy attracted followers such as musicians Carlos Santana, John McLaughlin, Narada Michael Walden, Roberta Flack, Clarence Clemons and Boris Grebenshikov.[15][16] Chinmoy offered the musicians a disciplined spiritual path that forbade the use of drugs and alcohol and encouraged music and poetry as expressions of thankfulness to the Divine.[17]

Chinmoy successfully applied for a job as junior clerk at the Indian consulate, despite his lack of formal education. He received support and encouragement from his colleagues and bosses and was invited to give talks on Hinduism. He started to give talks at universities and later, at the United Nations.[14]

In 1964, Chinmoy was prompted to move to the United States in response to a "message from within" to be of service to people in the West searching for spiritual fulfillment.[12] With the help of Sam Spanier and Eric Hughes, American sponsors connected with the Sri Aurobindo Ashram, he emigrated to New York City.[13]

Move to the United States

There he spent the next 20 years in spiritual practice, including meditation, study in Bengali and English literature,[9] and work in the ashram’s cottage industries.[10] Chinmoy claimed that for about eight years, he was the personal secretary to the General Secretary of the ashram, Nolini Kanta Gupta. Chinmoy translated his writings from Bengali into English.[11]

Chinmoy was the youngest of seven children, born in Shakpura, Boalkhali Upazila, in the Chittagong District of East Bengal (now Bangladesh). He lost his father to illness in 1943, and his mother a few months later. In 1944, the 12-year-old Chinmoy joined his brothers and sisters at the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry, where elder brothers Hriday and Chitta had already established a presence.[8]

Chinmoy in his youth at the start of a sprint.

Early years in India

Biography

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • Early years in India 1.1
    • Move to the United States 1.2
  • Teachings 2
    • Meditation 2.1
      • United Nations 2.1.1
    • Interfaith 2.2
  • Art 3
    • Music 3.1
    • Poetry 3.2
  • Athleticism 4
    • Running 4.1
    • Weightlifting 4.2
  • Awards 5
  • Bibliography 6
    • Poetry 6.1
    • Plays 6.2
  • See also 7
  • Notes 8
  • External links 9

[7][6]