Supreme Court Police

Supreme Court Police

Supreme Court of the United States Police
Patch of the Supreme Court of the United States Police.
Agency overview
Formed 1949
Employees 145
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency United States
Governing body Marshal of the United States Supreme Court
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
Operational structure
Sworn members 145[1]

The Supreme Court of the United States Police is a small U.S. federal law enforcement agency headquartered in the District of Columbia, whose mission is to ensure the integrity of the constitutional mission of the U.S. Supreme Court by protecting the Supreme Court building, the Justices, employees, guests, and visitors.[1] In accordance with Title 28 United States Code Part III Chapter 45 § 672:[2] the Supreme Court Police falls under the jurisdiction of the Marshal of the United States Supreme Court who is authorized by Title 40 United States Code § 6121[3] to police the Supreme Court Building and protect the Justices, employees of the Court, and visitors to the Court.

Established in 1935, the Supreme Court security force was tasked to provide protection for the Supreme Court building. The Court had previously resided in the United States Capitol, and the original force of 33 officers were selected from the ranks of the United States Capitol Police.

Currently, the Supreme Court Police are responsible for protecting the Chief Justice, Associate Justices, building occupants, and the Court's historic building and grounds. Additional responsibilities include courtroom security, dignitary protection, emergency response, and providing assistance to building visitors.[1]

The Supreme Court Police derives its enforcement authority from 40 U.S.C. § 6121.

Units of the Supreme Court Police include:

  • Uniformed Services
  • Protective Services
  • Threat Assessment Unit
  • Background Investigation Unit
  • Honor Guard
  • Key Response Squad
  • HazMat/Bomb Response.
  • Canine Unit

Supreme Court officers are trained at the [4]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Koerner, Brendan I. (2004-05-03), "Who Protects David Souter?", Slate, retrieved 2007-04-27 
  2. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 672
  3. ^ 40 U.S.C. § 6121
  4. ^ United States Office of Personnel Management, Federal Law Enforcement Pay and Benefits: Report to the Congress, 2004; pp. 2, 13.