Telavancin
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(1S,2R,18R,19R,22S,25R,28R,40S)-22-(2-Amino-2-oxoethyl)-5,15-dichloro-48-{[2-O-(3-{[2-(decylamino)ethyl]amino}-2,3,6-trideoxy-3-methyl-α-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-2,18,32,35,37-pentahydroxy-19-[(N-methyl-D-leucyl)amino]-20,23,26,42,44-pentaoxo-36-{[(phosphonomethyl)amino]methyl}-7,13-dioxa-21,24,27,41,43-pentaazaoctacyclo[26.14.2.23,6.214,17.18,12.129,33.010,25.034,39]pentaconta-3,5,8(48),9,11,14,16,29(45),30,32,34,36,38,46,49-pentadecaene-40-carboxylic acid
Clinical data
Trade names Vibativ
AHFS/Drugs.com
MedlinePlus
Licence data US FDA:
Pregnancy
category
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
Legal status
Routes of
administration
intravenous
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability N/A
Protein binding 90%, mostly to albumin
Biological half-life 9 hours
Excretion 76% in urine, <1% in feces
Identifiers
CAS Registry Number  N
ATC code J01
PubChem CID:
ChemSpider  YesY
UNII  YesY
ChEBI  N
ChEMBL  N
Chemical data
Formula C80H106Cl2N11O27P
Molecular mass 1755.63 g/mol
 N   

Telavancin (trade name Vibativ) is a bactericidal lipoglycopeptide for use in MRSA or other Gram-positive infections. Telavancin is a semi-synthetic derivative of vancomycin.[1][2]

The FDA approved the drug in September 2009 for complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI),[3] and in June 2013 for hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia caused by Staphylococcus aureus.[4]

History

On 19 October 2007, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an approvable letter for telavancin. Its developer, Theravance, submitted a complete response to the letter, and the FDA has assigned a Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) target date of 21 July 2008.[5]

On 19 November 2008, an FDA antiinfective drug advisory committee concluded that they would recommend telavancin be approved by the FDA.

The FDA approved the drug on 11 September 2009 for complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI).[3]

Theravance has also submitted telavancin to the FDA in a second indication, [6] On 21 June 2013 FDA gave approval for telavancin to treat patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia, but indicated it should be used only when alternative treatments are not suitable. FDA staff had indicated telavancin has a "substantially higher risk for death" for patients with kidney problems or diabetes compared to vancomycin.[7]

On March 11 2013, Clinigen Group plc and Theravance, Inc. announced that they have entered into an exclusive commercialization agreement in the European Union (EU) and certain other countries located in Europe for VIBATIV® (telavancin) for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia (hospital-acquired), including ventilator-associated pneumonia, known or suspected to be caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) when other alternatives are not suitable.[8]

Mechanism of action

Like vancomycin, telavancin inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis by binding to the D-Ala-D-Ala terminus of the peptidoglycan in the growing cell wall (see Pharmacology and chemistry of vancomycin). In addition, it disrupts bacterial membranes by depolarization.[2][9]

Adverse effects

Common but harmless adverse effects include nausea, vomiting, constipation, and headache.[10]

Telavancin has a higher rate of kidney failure than vancomycin in two clinical trials.[11] It showed teratogenic effects in animal studies.[10]

Interactions

Telavancin inhibits the liver enzymes CYP3A4 and CYP3A5. No data regarding the clinical relevance are available.[10]

References

  1. ^ Astellas, Inc. VIBATIV prescribing information, 9/2009.
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm358209.htm
  5. ^
  6. ^ FDA advisory group gives mixed review of Theravance pneumonia treatment. 30 Nov 2012 American City Business Journals/San Francisco/BiotechSF blog
  7. ^ Leuty, Ron. Theravance gets FDA OK for antibiotic against pneumonia, with limits. San Francisco Business Times. Jun 21, 2013.
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b c Telavancin hydrochloride
  11. ^

External links

  • Theravance, Inc.
  • Vibativ information
  • Vibativ Europe