Texarkana federal building, including the post office and courthouse, straddling the Texas-Arkansas state line
|Nickname(s): The Arkansas Side, T-town, TK|
|Motto: Twice as Nice|
Location in Miller County and the state of Arkansas
|• Mayor||Ruth Penney Bell|
|• City Council||
Ward 1- Allan Wren
Ward 2- Laney J. Harris
Ward 3- Tim Johnson
Ward 4- Travis N. Odom
Ward 5- Barbara S. Miner
Ward 6- Sue Johnson
|• City Manager||Harold Boldt|
|• Total||41.83 sq mi (108.35 km2)|
|• Land||41.66 sq mi (107.89 km2)|
|• Water||0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)|
|Elevation||361 ft (110 m)|
|• Density||718/sq mi (277.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0078542|
Texarkana is the largest city and the county seat of Miller County, Arkansas, United States. It is effectively one half of a city which crosses a state line — the other half, the city of Texarkana, Texas, lies on the other side of State Line Avenue.
According to the 2010 census, the population of the city was 29,919, ranking it as the state's 12th largest city, behind Hot Springs. The city, along with its Texas counterpart, forms the central city of the Metropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing all of Bowie County, Texas and Miller County, Arkansas. The combined population of the two Texarkana cities was 66,330 at the 2010 census.
- Climate 1.1
- Demographics 2
Government and infrastructure 3
- Transportation 3.1
- Highways 3.2
- Education 4
- Pop Culture 5
- Notable people 6
- References 7
- External links 8
Texarkana, Arkansas, is located at (33.433075, -94.020514). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.9 square miles (108.4 km2). 41.7 square miles (107.9 km2) of it is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2) of it (0.43%) is water.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Texarkana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2000, there were 26,448 people, 10,384 households, and 7,040 families residing in the city. The population density was 830.5 people per square mile (320.6/km²). There were 11,721 housing units at an average density of 368.1 per square mile (142.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.93% White, 31.00% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.
There were 10,384 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,343, and the median income for a family was $37,157. Males had a median income of $35,204 versus $21,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,130. About 17.2% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or above.
Government and infrastructure
Arkansas residents whose permanent residence is within the city limits of Texarkana, Arkansas are exempt from Arkansas individual income taxes.
The Federal Courthouse (which also holds the city's only post office) is located directly on the Arkansas-Texas state line and is the only federal office building to straddle a state line.
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
- Red River Army Depot & tenants 7,200,
- Christus St. Michael Health Care 1,883,
- Cooper Tire & Rubber Company 1,700,
- Domtar 1,300,
- Wal-Mart 1,100,
- International Paper 925,
- Wadley Regional Medical Center 850,
- Texarkana Independent School District 795,
- Texarkana Arkansas School District 785,
- Southern Refrigerated Transport 750
- Interstate 30
- Interstate 49
- U.S. Highway 67
- U.S. Highway 82
- U.S. Highway 71
- U.S. Highway 59
- Arkansas Highway 196
- Arkansas Highway 151
- Arkansas Highway 296
- Arkansas Highway 237
Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by two school districts:
- Texarkana Arkansas School District, which leads to graduating from Arkansas High School. The high school mascot is the Razorback, which was eventually selected for use by the University of Arkansas in exchange for used athletic equipment—a practice that no longer occurs.
- Genoa Central School District, which leads to graduation from Genoa Central High School. The high school mascot is the Dragon with green and white serving as the school colors.
Private education opportunities include:
- Trinity Christian School, a Baptist school serving prekindergarten through grade 12.
- Texarkana is referenced in the song "Cotton Fields" by the American folk and blues musician Lead Belly and later recorded by several notable country rock artists, including The Highwaymen, Buck Owens, The Beach Boys and Creedence Clearwater Revival. Lead Belly (Huddie Ledbetter), was born on a cotton plantation near Linden, Texas, about 40 miles southwest of Texarkana, and later worked on a plantation near De Kalb, Texas, about 35 miles west of Texarkana.
- Brenda Lee's 1959 song "Let's Jump the Broomstick" references the city with the lyric "Goin' to Alabama back from Texarkana, Goin' all around the world".
- Texarkana is one of the places visited by the red car in The Brave Little Toaster during the song "Worthless"
- Tesla's 1991 song "Call It What You Want" contains the lyric "All I am is all I'll ever be, and that's just a boy from Texarkana." As the lead singer of the band is actually from Texarkana, this lyric is notably autobiographical.
- "Texarkana" is a 1991 song by R.E.M.. The track appears on the band's seventh studio album, Out of Time.
- Other popular songs that name-check the city include "I've Been Everywhere" by Hank Snow, later covered by Johnny Cash; "Texas Swing" by Clay Walker from his 2001 album Say No More; "Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'" by Crazy Elephant; "24 Hours at a Time" by the Marshall Tucker Band; "Texarkana Baby" by Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys, covered by Tennessee Ernie Ford; and two songs by Joe Ely, "Fingernails" and "I'm Gonna Strangle You Shorty."
- In the 1977 movie Smokey and the Bandit, The Bandit (Burt Reynolds and the Snowman Jerry Reed) are making a run from Atlanta to Texarkana to get a load of beer. Jerry Reed's 1977 hit song "East Bound and Down" from the soundtrack refers to the city in the lyric "The boys are thirsty in Atlanta and there's beer in Texarkana," regarding the lack of availability of Coors beer east of Texas at that time. (In fact, Texarkana, Texas, is dry and the alcohol distributor is actually in Texarkana, Arkansas.)
- In Season 5, Episode 5 "Southbound and Down" of the FX TV show Archer, Archer and the crew from ISIS encounter a hostile biker gang in Texarkana while on their way to Austin, Texas.
- In a 2013 episode of American Pickers on The History Channel, Frank and Mike visited several spots in Texarkana.
- In the movie Zombieland, Woody Harrelson refers to the relationship with his new zombie-killing companion, Jesse Eisenberg, that he figures it will last "all the way to Texarkana".
- Used as setting for the 1976 movie The Town That Dreaded Sundown
- In the novel A Canticle for Leibowitz, centuries after a nuclear war that reduces world civilization to a second dark age, Texarkana rises as the capital of a burgeoning empire that expands across the former United States and becomes known as the Atlantic Confederacy.
- Buster Benton, blues singer-guitarist
- Ben M. Bogard, founder in 1924 of the American Baptist Association; while living in Texarkana, Arkansas, in 1914 he founded The Baptist Commoner denominational newspaper, later in 1917 combined as The Baptist and Commoner
- Brad Cherry, relief pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds of Major League Baseball and pitcher for UALR College
- Mike Cherry, New York Giants football, Murray State quarterback
- Lynn A. Davis, lecturer, crime author, former politician
- Martin Delray, country music singer
- Prissy Hickerson, former member of the Arkansas Highway Commission for which Loop 245 is named the "Hickerson Highway"; current member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Miller County
- Jimmy Hickey, Jr., Arkansas state senator from District 11 in Miller, Lafayette, Little River, Hempstead, and Sevier counties; Texarkana businessman
- Mike Huckabee, governor; pastored Beech Street First Baptist Church, 1986-1992
- Parnelli Jones, 1963 Indianapolis 500 champion
- Scott Joplin, musician and preeminent composer of Ragtime
- Jeff Keith, lead singer of the rock band Tesla
- A. Lynn Lowe, farmer and former Arkansas Republican Party state chairman and 1978 gubernatorial nominee against Bill Clinton
- Hayes McClerkin, attorney, former Speaker of the Arkansas House of Representatives, 1970 gubernatorial primary candidate
- Dustin Moseley, Major League Baseball player with the San Diego Padres in the MLB
- Conlon Nancarrow, innovative composer who specialized in works for the player piano
- Denver "Bull" Randleman, World War II veteran, portrayed in the HBO mini series Band of Brothers
- Don Rogers, American football player with the Cleveland Browns in the NFL
- Rod Smith, American football player with the Denver Broncos in the NFL
- Gunnar Stansson, YouTube celebrity, the star of videos such as Unforgivable.
- Jasper Taylor, early jazz drummer, recorded with Jelly Roll Morton, Freddy Keppard, many others
- Kathy Hillis, Big Brother 12 contestant
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Texarkana city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".
- Climate Summary for Texarkana, Arkansas
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder".
- "Facilities." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on June 28, 2010.
- "State of Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration Texarkana Exemption Letter." . Retrieved on March 26, 2011.
- "History of Texarkana: Did You Know?". Texarkana Arkansas School District. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- Baseball-reference.com: Brad Cherry
- Mike Cherry, QB
- "Representative Prissy Hickerson's Political Summary". votesmart.org. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "Biography of the Honorable Jimmy Hickey, Jr., Arkansas State Senator" (PDF). arkleg.state.ar.us. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Mike Huckabee, From Hope to Higher Ground, New York: Center Street Publishers, 2007, p. 5
- City of Texarkana
- Texarkana Business Reviews
- History of Texarkana's Jewish community (from the Institute of Southern Jewish Life)
- Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture entry: Texarkana (Miller County)