The Rage Against God
Front cover of the UK edition
|Publisher||Continuum (UK); Zondervan (US)|
|15 March 2010 (UK); 1 May 2010 (US)|
|ISBN||1-4411-0572-7 (UK); 0310320313 (US)|
|Preceded by||The Broken Compass|
The Rage Against God (subtitle in US editions: How Atheism Led Me to Faith) is the fifth book by Peter Hitchens, first published in 2010. The book describes Hitchens's journey from atheism, far left politics, and bohemianism, to Christianity and conservatism, detailing the influences on him that led to his conversion. The book is partly intended as a response to God Is Not Great, a book written by his brother Christopher Hitchens in 2007.
Peter Hitchens, with particular reference to events which occurred in the Soviet Union, argues that his brother's verdict on religion is misguided, and that faith in God is both a safeguard against the collapse of civilisation into moral chaos and the best antidote to what he views as the dangerous idea of earthly perfection through utopianism. The Rage Against God received a mostly favourable reception in the media. Hitchens was praised for making a forceful and intelligent case, in particular with respect to questions concerning morality and God. Some critics contended that the author was misguided in claiming that state atheism would lead to totalitarianism.
- Background 1
- Part One: A Personal Journey Through Atheism 2.1
- Part Two: Addressing Atheism: Three Failed Arguments 2.2
- Part Three: The League of the Militant Godless 2.3
- Epilogue 2.4
- Critical reception 3
- Release details 4
- See also 5
- Bibliography 6
- References 7
- External links 8
I long to see [Peter Hitchens] take the next stage in his writer's journey and examine, with his unsparing honesty, the rich human reality of the division he believes is now more important than the split between Left and Right—the deeper gulf between the restless progressive and the Christian pessimist. This division, the difference between Lord Salisbury, is nowhere better encapsulated than in the contrast between Hitchens major and minor.
Hitchens first referred to The Rage Against God in August 2009, in one of his weekly columns: "Above all, I seek to counter the assertion, central to my brother's case ... that the Soviet regime was in fact religious in character. This profound misunderstanding of the nature of the USSR is the key to finding another significant flaw in what is in general his circular argument". Then, a week before the book's publication, Hitchens wrote: "...it is obvious much of what I say [in The Rage Against God] arises out of my attempt to debate religion with him [Christopher Hitchens], it would be absurd to pretend that much of what I say here is not intended to counter or undermine arguments he presented in his book, God Is Not Great...".
Part One: A Personal Journey Through Atheism
In Chapter 1 Hitchens describes abandoning religion in his youth, and promoting "cruel revolutionary rubbish" as a Trotskyist activist. He claims his generation had become intellectually aloof from religion, rebellious and disillusioned and in Chapter 2 explores further reasons for this disillusion, including the Suez Crisis and the Profumo Affair. In Chapter 3, Hitchens recounts how he embraced scientific inquiry and adopted liberal positions on issues such as marriage, abortion, homosexuality, and patriotism. Chapter 4 is a lament for the "noble austerity" of his childhood in Britain. Chapter 5 explores what Hitchens views as the pseudo-religion surrounding Churchill and World War II heroes – a "great cult of noble, patriotic death" whose only equivalent, he claims, was in the Soviet Union. Hitchens then asserts that, "The Christian Church has been powerfully damaged by letting itself be confused with love of country and the making of great wars". In Chapter 6 Hitchens recalls being a foreign correspondent in the Soviet Union and a trip to Mogadishu, and how these experiences convinced him that, "his own civilisation was infinitely precious and utterly vulnerable". In Chapter 7 Hitchens charts his return to Christianity, and makes particular reference to the experience of seeing the Rogier van der Weyden painting The Last Judgement: "I gaped, my mouth actually hanging open. These people did not appear remote or from the ancient past; they were my own generation ... I had absolutely no doubt I was among the damned". In Chapter 8 Hitchens examines the diminishing of Christianity in Britain and its potential causes.
Part Two: Addressing Atheism: Three Failed Arguments
In Chapter 9, Hitchens contends that the claim that religion is a source of conflict is a "cruel factual misunderstanding", and that a number of conflicts, including Leon Trotsky's claiming that "morality, more than any other form of ideology, has a class character".
Part Three: The League of the Militant Godlessterror, and the persecution of priests and bishops at the Solovetsky concentration camp. Hitchens asserts that in the Soviet Union "the regime's institutional loathing for the teaching of religion, and its desire to eradicate it, survived every doctrinal detour and swerve". In the final chapter, Hitchens analyses a number of his brother's arguments, and contends that "the coincidence in instinct, taste, and thought between my brother and the Bolsheviks and their sympathisers is striking and undeniable". He then records how his brother nominated the "apostle of revolutionary terror" Leon Trotsky for an edition of the BBC radio series Great Lives; praised Trotsky for his "moral courage"; and declared that one of Lenin's great achievements was "to create a secular Russia". Hitchens speculates that his brother remained sympathetic towards Bolshevism and is still hostile towards the things it extirpated, including monarchy, tradition, and faith. He ends the chapter by claiming a form of militant secularism is becoming established in Britain, and that "The Rage Against God is loose".
In the epilogue, Hitchens describes how after a 2008 debate with Christopher Hitchens "the longest quarrel of my life seemed to be unexpectedly over" and that he held no hope of converting his brother, who had "bricked himself up high in his atheist tower, with slits instead of windows from which to shoot arrows at the faithful".
After its UK publication in March 2010 the book received a number of mostly favourable reviews in British newspapers.
In The Daily Telegraph Christopher Howse concentrated on the moral arguments in the book, and agreed with Hitchens that "to determine what is right and what is wrong without God, is difficult". Also in The Daily Telegraph, Charles Moore wrote that the book "tries to do two things at once. One is to bash up modern militant atheism with all the author's polemical skill. The other is to give an autobiographical account of how, in our time, an intelligent man's faith may recover". In a positive review in Standpoint magazine, Michael Nazir Ali wrote, "One of the abiding canards nailed by Peter Hitchens is that religion causes conflict. He does this by showing that so-called "religious" wars had many other elements to them, such as greed for territory, political ambition and nationalism. His repeated references to Soviet brutality reveal that secular ideologies have caused more suffering in recent times than any conflict associated with religion." In a more critical review in The New Statesman Sholto Byrnes wrote, "Hitchens makes his case forcefully, passionately and intelligently", but "makes too much connection between the ill deeds of atheists and their atheism". Byrnes also reviewed the book in The Independent, where he questioned the validity of a number of Hitchens's conclusions, including that "atheists 'actively wish for disorder and meaninglessness'". In a sympathetic review in The Guardian, Rupert Shortt wrote, "Hitchens does not seek to mount a comprehensive defence of Christianity. He is wise to avoid deeper philosophical and theological waters, because his strengths lie elsewhere. His more manageable aim is to expose what he holds to be three major fallacies underlying God Is Not Great: that conflict fought in the name of religion is really always about faith; that "it is ultimately possible to know with confidence what is right and what is wrong without acknowledging the existence of God"; and that "atheist states are not actually atheist". In The Spectator, Quentin Letts reviewed the book very positively, describing it as "a magnificent, sustained cry against the aggressive secularism taking control of our weakened culture".
Reviews of the book in North American publications subsequent to its stateside release were more mixed.
In  In a The Washington Times review entitled "Cain and Abel: The sequel?", Jeremy Lott wrote, "Hitchens refuses to make a full-throated case for faith. He explains that 'those who choose to argue in prose... are unlikely to be receptive to a case that is most effectively couched in poetry' ... Peter does hope that Christopher might one day arrive at some sort of acceptance that belief in God is not necessarily a character fault—and that religion does not poison everything".
One mix of the two audiences is the British writer, Theodore Dalrymple, reviewing The Rage Against God and Christopher Hitchens' Hitch-22 for the American journal, First Things. Dalrymple writes, Peter Hitchens "has discovered that it is he, and not just the world, that was and is imperfect and that therefore humility is a virtue, even if one does not always live up to it. The first sentence of his first chapter reads, “I set fire to my Bible on the playing fields of my Cambridge boarding school one bright, windy spring afternoon in 1967.” One senses the deep—and, in my view, healthy—feeling of self-disgust with which he wrote this, for indeed it describes an act of wickedness. Peter’s memoir...is more personally searching."
The book was first published in the UK on 15 March 2010 by Continuum Publishing Corporation, and was released in the US in June 2010 by Zondervan, with the additional subtitle How Atheism Led Me to Faith.
- Hitchens, Peter (2010). The Rage Against God. Continuum Publishing Corporation.
- Hitchens, Christopher (2007). God Is Not Great. Twelve books.
- Nagel, Thomas (2001). The Last Word. Oxford University Press.
- Chamberlin, William (2007). Russia's Iron Age. Little, Brown.
- Hitchens, Peter (11 March 2010). "How I found God and peace with my atheist brother". The Mail On Sunday. Retrieved 17 March 2010.
- Hitchens 2010, p. 75
- Hitchens 2010, p. 8
- Hitchens 2010, p. 24
- Hitchens 2010, p. 35
- Hitchens 2010, p. 37
- Hitchens 2010, p. 49
- Hitchens 2010, p. 54
- Hitchens 2010, p. 56
- Hitchens 2010, p. 71
- Hitchens 2010, p. 86
- Hitchens 2010, p. 88
- Hitchens 2010, p. 93
- Hitchens 2010, p. 94
- Hitchens 2010, p. 103
- Hitchens 2007, p. 213
- Hitchens 2010, p. 111
- Hitchens 2010, p. 114
- Hitchens 2010, p. 116
- The New International, Volume IV No. 6, June 1938, pp. 163–73. (New International was a magazine of Marxist theory published by the Socialist Workers Party of the United States between 1934 and 1940)
- Hitchens 2010, p. 123
- Hitchens 2010, p. 124
- Chamberlin 2007, p. 311
- Hitchens 2010, p. 133
- Hitchens 2010, p. 141
- Hitchens 2010, p. 143
- "Heaven on Earth, Christopher Hitchens, Journalist".
- Hitchens 2010, p. 144
- Hitchens 2010, p. 158
- Hitchens 2010, p. 161
- Hitchens 2010, p. 160
- Howse, Christopher (19 March 2010). "Sacred Mysteries: Taking the God out of good". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- Byrnes, Sholto (2 April 2010). "Demonising atheism is a bad way to defend faith". New Statesman. Retrieved 3 April 2010.
- Byrnes, Sholto (7 May 2010). "The Rage Against God, By Peter Hitchens". The Independent. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- Shortt, Rupert (17 April 2010). "The Rage Against God by Peter Hitchens". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 April 2010.
- Oppenheimer, Mark (30 July 2010). "Hitchens Brothers' Rift Starts With Religion". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- St. Godard, Ted (21 August 2010). "There's a big illogical fly in former atheist's ointment".
- Lott, Jeremy (21 July 2010). "Cain and Abel: The sequel?". The Washington Times. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- [Dalrymple, Theodore (June–July 2010). "The Brothers Grim". First Things. Retrieved 25 December 2013.]
-   Three extracts from The Rage Against God published by the Canadian National Post in July 2010
-  Video interview (produced by Zondervan) with Peter Hitchens about the book
-  Text of radio interview between Peter Hitchens and Hugh Hewitt, discussing The Rage Against God and the decline of Christianity in the West
-  Review of the book by Diane Scharper in the National Catholic Reporter