The Statesmen Quartet

The Statesmen Quartet

The Statesmen Quartet
Origin Georgia, United States
Genres Southern gospel
Years active 1948–2001
Labels RCA, Skylite, Chime, Artistic, Temple
Associated acts The Blackwood Brothers

The Statesmen Quartet was a southern gospel music group founded in 1948 by Hovie Lister. Along with the Blackwood Brothers, the Statesmen Quartet is considered the most successful and influential gospel quartet of the 1950s.[1]

During the first years, the group underwent several member changes, which included singers like James "Big Chief" Wetherington, Denver Crumpler, Jake Hess, Doy Ott, Hovie Lister, Rosie Rozell, and Jack Toney.

Along with hits spanning many decades, The Statesmen Quartet had many notable successes including being the first Gospel group to receive endorsement deals. Additionally, they made television commercials, appeared on numerous radio and TV shows, and were signed to RCA Victor before launching their own label, Skylite Records, with The Blackwood Brothers.

Contents

  • Group history 1
    • Early years 1.1
    • Broadcasting, recording, and business 1.2
    • The glory years 1.3
    • Tragedy and triumphs 1.4
    • The later years 1.5
  • Members 2
  • Discography 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Group history

Early years

The Statesmen Quartet was founded in 1948 in

  • Grand Ole Gospel Reunion
  • Statesmen Photos

External links

  1. ^ a b c d Goff, James (December 2001). Close harmony: a history of southern gospel. The University of North Carolina Press. pp. 169–174.  
  2. ^ McNeil, W.K., ed. (2010). Encyclopedia of American Gospel Music. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-94179-2. P. 191
  3. ^ McNeil, W.K., ed. (2010). Encyclopedia of American Gospel Music. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-94179-2. P. 191
  4. ^ Billboard. July 25, 1964. Profile: The Statesmen Quartet. P. 26
  5. ^ Southern Edition, "Atlanta's Briarcliff Hotel, a Part of Ponce de Leon Avenue's Comeback?"
  6. ^ Goff, Phillip, ed. (2010). The Blackwell Companion to Religion in America. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-4051-6936-3. P. 255.
  7. ^ Abernathy, Francis Edward, ed. (1993). Corners of Texas. Texas Folklore Society. ISBN 0-929398-57-2. P. 276.

References

  • Unknown Year Precious Old Book (Temple)
  • Unknown Year Faith Unlocks the Door (Temple)
  • Unknown Year How Great Thou Art (Skylite)
  • 1957: The Statesmen Quartet with Hovie Lister
  • 1958: The Statesmen Quartet Sings with Hovie Lister
  • 1958: The Bible Told Me So (RCA)
  • 1959: Hymns
  • 1959: I’ll Meet You By the River (RCA)
  • 1959: Get Away Jordan
  • 1960: Mansion Over the Hilltop (RCA)
  • 1960: On Stage (RCA)
  • 1960: Something To Shout About
  • 1960: Encores
  • 1960: Peace, O Lord
  • 1960: Statesmen Blackwood Favorites
  • 1961: Out West (RCA)
  • 1961: Through the States (RCA)
  • 1962: Stop, Look & Listen for the Lord
  • 1962: Camp-Meeting Hymns (RCA)
  • 1962: Singing Time in Dixie (Skylight)
  • 1963: The Mystery of His Way (RCA)
  • 1963: Message in the Sky (RCA Camden)
  • 1963: A Gospel Concert
  • 1964: Hovie Lister Sings with His Famous Statesmen Qt. (RCA)
  • 1964: Hovie Lister Spotlights Doy Ott (RCA)
  • 1964: Songs Of Faith (RCA Camden)
  • 1965: The Best Of The Statesmen Quartet (RCA)
  • 1964: Doris Akers & The Statesmen Sing for You
  • 1965: The Sensational Statesmen Quartet (RCA)
  • 1965: Sings the Golden Gospel Songs (RCA)
  • 1965: All Day Sing & Dinner on the Ground
  • 1966: The Happy Sound (RCA)
  • 1966: Sings the Gospel Gems
  • 1967: In Gospel Country (RCA)
  • 1967: My God is Real (RCA Camden)
  • 1967: Showers of Blessing (RCA)
  • 1968: Sing Brother Sing (RCA)
  • 1968: Hits of the Decade
  • 1968: Happy Land
  • 1968: The Best of the Statesmen Volume 2 (RCA)
  • 1968: God Loves American People (Skylite)
  • 1968: Standing on the Promises
  • 1969: Taller Than Trees (RCA Camden)
  • 1969: Thanks to Calvary (Skylite)
  • 1969: New Sounds Today (Skylite)
  • 1970: No Greater Love (RCA Camden)
  • 1970: Featuring…
  • 1970: The Common Man
  • 1971: Put Your Hand in the Hand (Skylite)
  • 1972: Keep On Smiling
  • 1972: Hits of the Decade
  • 1972: Hits of the Decade Vol. 2 (Chime, Artistic)
  • 1972: They That Sow (Skylite)
  • 1973: I Believe in Jesus
  • 1973: In Memory Of “Big Chief” Jim Wetherington & Denver “Crump” Crumpler (Lord, I Want to Go to Heaven) (CAM)
  • 1973: Time to Remember
  • 1974: Ain’t That What It’s All About
  • 1974: Precious Memories
  • 1974: Feature Doy Ott
  • 1977: The Legendary Statesmen Return
  • 1977: Gospel Songs Elvis Loved
  • 1977: Get Away Jordan
  • 1978: His Love Put a Song in My Heart
  • 1978: Oh What a Savior (Skylite)
  • 1979: Gospel Gems (Skylite)
  • 1979: Hovie Lister & The Sensational Statesmen
  • 1980: He is Here (Skylite)
  • 1981: Sweet Beulah Land
  • 1992: I Surrender All
  • 1992: The Bible Told Me So
  • 1992: Get Away Jordan
  • 1992: Jubilee’s A Coming
  • 1992: Revival
  • 1992: O What a Savior
  • 1993: O My Lord What a Time
  • 1996: Saints Don't You Know
  • 1997: Hovie Lister & The Statesmen
  • 1998: Still Sensational
  • 1999: You Can't Shake the Rock
  • 2000: Even So Come

Discography

Bass
Baritone
Lead
Tenor
Pianist and owner

Members

Decatur, Georgia.

Later incarnations of The Statesmen would include tenors Sherrill 'Shaun' Nielson, Willie Wynn, and Johnny Cook; lead singers Roy McNeil and Jim Hill; baritones Chris Hess (Jake's son), Biney English and Rick Fair; and bass singers Ray Burdette, Bob Caldwell and Doug Young. Over the years, Jake Hess, Jack Toney, Doy Ott and Rosie Rozell would rejoin The Statesmen at various times, most notably a couple years after Chief's death when Lister brought back Rozell, Jake Hess, and Doy Ott as "The Statesmen" sans bass. A comical pairing of this classic Statesmen "trio" with longtime Blackwood Brothers/Stamps Quartet bass singer J.D. Sumner at the 1977 National Quartet Convention in Nashville was the birth of the Masters V Quartet, which would include, in its classic lineup, Rosie Rozell, James Blackwood, Jake Hess, J.D. Sumner, and Hovie Lister. The Statesmen's influence lives on in some of today's most popular quartets, such as The Dove Brothers, and Ernie Haase and Signature Sound.

The later years

Bass singer "Big Chief" Wetherington died of a massive heart attack on October 3, 1973, while attending the National Quartet Convention in Nashville. He is buried in a small cemetery just outside Atlanta, Georgia.

Hovie Lister tapped Jack Toney from Boaz, Alabama, to replace Hess. Before long, Toney's movie-idol looks and powerful voice helped The Statesmen to soldier on without missing a beat. Ironically, Jack Toney would replace Jake Hess on five different occasions in three different decades with The Statesmen and The Masters V.

In 1963, Jake Hess left The Statesmen to form his own quartet, Jake Hess and The Imperials.

In 1957, Denver Crumpler died in diabetic shock when his symptoms were misdiagnosed as a heart attack. Cat Freeman came back briefly, followed by lyric tenor Roland 'Rosie' Rozell, a soulful singer and former policeman from Oklahoma. The Rosie-Hess-Ott-Chief lineup recorded such classics as "Faith Unlocks The Door" and Rosie's signature tune "Oh What A Savior" and "There's Room at the Cross"

Tragedy and triumphs

The Statesmen Quartet added flourishes which entertained new audiences -- exuberant singing, arm waving, hand clapping, and electrifying performances. This was alien behavior for traditional convention quartets. But the new behavior attracted interest. The Statesmen became so popular that subsequent gospel quartets imitated their style.[7]

Goff's description related but one aspect of The Statesmen's showmanship. Francis Edward Abernathy wrote about lasting changes that the group introduced to the world of gospel quartets:

Greeted by thunderous applause, the announcer approaches the microphone: "You're listening to the original Wally Fowler All Night Singing, November the sixth, right here in Nashville, Tennessee, nineteen hundred fifty-nine. This is the eleventh anniversary and the greatest crowd that's ever assembled for any program in the Ryman Auditorium is here tonight for the all night sing." Seconds later Hovie Lister and the Statesmen Quartet launch into "Get Away Jordan." Starting with a rolling chord from Lister's piano, the quartet enters one singer at a time, letting their four-part "Get awaaaay" echo against the walls of country music's Mother Church."[6]

Phillip Goff, in The Blackwell Companion to Religion in America, provided a description of how The Statesmen began one live appearance:

On July 4, 1955, the Blackwood/Statesmen team traveled to Texas for an engagement that would feature several secular artists on the same program. Among them was Elvis Presley. Elvis was planning to sing his rock hits, but refrained out of respect of his gospel idols, The Statesmen and The Blackwoods. The Statesmen exerted a powerful influence on young Elvis, who idolized and imitated Jake Hess' vocal stylings and Big Chief's leg shaking. In an interview with songwriter Bill Gaither, Hess remembered seeing young Elvis coming to Statesmen shows in Tupelo when Presley was only nine or ten. Hess said that the serious young Elvis would ask him, "How do you make a record?" or "How many suits you got?" On the Gaither Homecoming video "Oh My Glory", Jake Hess tells about Elvis coming to Statesmen concerts and being invited up onstage to sing lead in place of Jake on a song or two.

During this period, the quartet had offices at the Briarcliff Hotel at Ponce and N. Highland in Virginia Highland, Atlanta. Business manager Don Butler and tenor Roland "Rosie" Rozell partnered to open the King & Prince Restaurant inside the hotel.[5]

Cat Freeman (brother of Vestal Goodman), a native of Fyffe, Alabama, was replaced by the great Irish tenor Denver Crumpler. With this lineup, The Statesmen began recording for RCA Victor and began starring in the Nabisco Hour national TV show as mentioned above. Popular songs of this period include "Get Away Jordan" and "Happy Rhythm". As early as 1950, The Statesmen used the phrase "Rockin' and rollin'" in a song, and Hovie Lister's frantic boogie-woogie piano, piano bench acrobatics, and hair shaken down in his eyes predated Jerry Lee Lewis' use of the same tricks by a good five years.

In 1952, The Statesmen Quartet entered into a business partnership with The Blackwood Brothers Quartet. The "Stateswood" team would dominate Southern Gospel music for the next two decades.

The glory years

Although most fans probably thought of the group in terms of religious inspiration and/or entertainment, a 1964 profile of the group in [4]

The group recorded 36 songs for Capitol Records from 1949 to 1953. They switched to RCA Victor in 1954, recording more than 30 albums during their years with that company. In 1968, they began recording for Skylite. (The Statesmen and Blackwood Brothers had formed that company earlier, but sold it in 1966.)[3]

After having several radio programs in the Atlanta, Georgia, area, The Statesmen "became the first Southern gospel quartet to have a nationally syndicated TV program, Singing Time in Dixie, sponsored by Nabisco."[2]

Broadcasting, recording, and business

From 1948 to 1952, the group underwent several personnel changes. In 1953, Lister's vision of the premiere lineup was realized with the addition of Denver Crumpler as tenor. Crumpler joined Jake Hess (lead), Doy Ott (baritone), and James 'Big Chief' Wetherington (bass), with Lister on piano and master of ceremonies. During the next years, The Statesmen Quartet achieved fame as one of the premiere groups of Southern gospel music.[1]

The quartet made their debut on WCON in Atlanta in October, 1948. [1]