|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|2a,3a-epoxy- 3a,4a,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro- 3aα,6β,7β-trihydroxy- 5α-isopropyl- 7aα-methylspiro (indan-1,2'-oxirane)- γ-lactone|
|Mol. mass||294.299 g/mol|
Tutin is a poisonous plant derivative found in the New Zealand tutu plant (Coriaria arborea, Coriaria genus, several different species). It acts as a potent antagonist of the glycine receptor, and has powerful convulsant effects. It is used in scientific research into the glycine receptor, and is also sometimes associated with outbreaks of toxic honey poisoning when bees feed honeydew exudate from the sap-sucking insect commonly known as the passion vine hopper, when these vine hoppers (Scolypopa australis) have been feeding on the sap of tutu bushes. Toxic honey is a rare event and is more likely to occur when comb honey is eaten directly from a hive that has been harvesting honeydew from passion vine hoppers feeding on tutu plants.
- Fuentealba J, Guzmán L, Manríquez-Navarro P, Pérez C, Silva M, Becerra J, Aguayo LG. Inhibitory effects of tutin on glycine receptors in spinal neurons. European Journal of Pharmacology. 2007 Mar 15;559(1):61-4. PMID 17303114
- Zhou H, Tang YH, Zheng Y. A new rat model of acute seizures induced by tutin. Brain Research. 2006 May 30;1092(1):207-13. PMID 16674929
- Background on toxic honey. New Zealand Food Safety Authority.