The Ukrainian T-shaped Radio telescope, second modification (official abbreviation UTR-2) is the world's largest low-frequency radio telescope at decametre wavelengths. It was built in the early 1970s near the village of Hrakovo (), 15 km west-south-west from Shevchenkove, Ukraine in the time of Soviet Union. The telescope is operated by the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.

The UTR-2 comprises 2040 array elements in two arms: north-south (1800×60 m) and west-east (900×60 m). It has a total area of 150,000 square metres (1,600,000 sq ft), and a resolution of about 40 arcminutes at the middle frequency 16.7 MHz. The operating frequency range is 8–40 MHz. The sensitivity is about 10 Jy.

The telescope is a part of the URAN (Ukrainian Radio Interferometer of NASU) decametric VLBI system, which includes another four significantly smaller low-frequency radio telescopes. That system has bases from 40 to 900 km (25 to 960 mi).

External links

  • Institute of Radio Astronomy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [1]
  • Braude, S. Ia.; Megn, A. V.; Riabov, B. P.; Sharykin, N. K.; Zhuk, I. N., Decametric survey of discrete sources in the Northern sky. I - The UTR-2 radio telescope: Experimental techniques and data processing, Astrophys. and Space Sci., 54, 3–36, 1978
  • URAN-3 radio interferometer antenna field (abandoned)

See also