United Nations geoscheme

United Nations geoscheme

The definition of regions and subregions in use by the United Nations for statistical purposes. Antarctica is omitted.

The United Nations geoscheme is a system which divides the countries of the world into macro-geographical regional and subregional groups, which was devised by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) based on the M49 coding classification.[1][2][3]

The schema was created for statistical analysis and consists of macro-geographical regions arranged to the extent possible according to continents. Within these groupings, smaller, geographical subregions and selected economic and other groupings allow for detailed analysis. The UNSD notes that "the assignment of countries or areas to specific groupings is for statistical convenience and does not imply any assumption regarding political or other affiliation of countries or territories".[4]

Other alternative groupings include the World Bank regional classification,[5] CIA World Factbook regions and ICANN Geographic Regions.[6][7]

List of regions and subregions

* These three subregions together form the continent of North America.[3]
** These two regional continents form the geographic continent of Eurasia which is not part of the UN geoscheme.

See also


  1. ^ Ajey Lele (20 October 2012). Asian Space Race: Rhetoric or Reality?. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 8–.  
  2. ^ Reuben P. Keller; Marc W. Cadotte; Glenn Sandiford (24 November 2014). Invasive Species in a Globalized World: Ecological, Social, and Legal Perspectives on Policy. University of Chicago Press. pp. 128–.  
  3. ^ a b United Nations Statistics Division - Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications
  4. ^ Standard country or area codes and geographical regions for statistical use
  5. ^ Ms. Katrin Elborgh-Woytek; Ms. Monique Newiak; Ms. Kalpana Kochhar; Ms. Stefania Fabrizio, Kangni Kpodar, Mr. Philippe Wingender, Mr. Benedict J. Clements, Mr. Gerd Schwartz (20 September 2013). Women, Work, and the Economy:Macroeconomic Gains from Gender Equity. International Monetary Fund. p. 7.  
  6. ^ ICANN Geographic Regions
  7. ^ ICANN Geographical Regions, Final Report by the ccNSO Regions Working Group, For Submission to the ICANN Board, 24 September 2007