Zakhireye Khwarazmshahi

Zakhireye Khwarazmshahi

Zakhireye Khwarazmshahi (Ismail Gorgani (1040-1136). It was composed between 1111 AD and 1136.


The Zakhira Khwarizmshahi was heavily influenced by the Canon (Qanun) of Avicenna and was modeled after that work.

The Encyclopedia consists of 10 volumes and is one of the earliest Encyclopedias to be written in Persian. The Persian text of this large Encyclopedia was edited and published by Saidi Sirjani in 1976. The book illustrates traditional medicine that was used in the Islamic world for variety of pains and diseases.

For example, on "Drugs recommended for lice control," Gorgani recommends the following method:

Most of the above botanicals have recently been shown to possess insecticidal properties.[1]


  1. ^ a b Cyrus Abivardi, "Iranian Entomology", Published by Springer, 2001. pg 484.